Fletcher Harris Archer (6 Feb. 1817-21 Aug. 1902)

Fletcher H. Archer was the son of Allen Archer (ca. 1783-1869), a miller of Petersburg, Virginia, and his wife, Prudence Whitworth (1783-1851). He studied law at the University of Virginia in session 17 (1840-1841). He set up his law practice in his home town of Petersburg.

Archer served in the 39th Virginia Militia Regiment, then in 1846, recruited men who were first called the Petersburg Mexican Volunteers, and later became Company E of the 1st Virginia Volunteer Regiment, and Archer served as their captain. The 1st Virginia Volunteers saw action in Mexico during from 1847-1848. (Calkins; United States Mexican War Pension Index)

Before 14 Aug. 1850, Archer married Eliza Ann Eppes Allen (ca. 1827-1851) and in 1850 the couple lived in Dinwiddie County, Virginia, near Petersburg. (1850 U.S. Census) The Archers had one daughter, named Eliza Ann C. Archer. Eliza Ann Archer died soon after her daughter was born. Archer married his second wife, a widow—Martha Georgianna (Morton) Barksdale (1827-1902)—on 31 Mar. 1863. (Calkins; U. S. Census)

In April 1861, Archer raised a company of men, designated Company K (the “Archer Rifles”), of the 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Over the next year, he served the Confederacy in several positions, then retired in May 1861 and returned to Petersburg.

In June 1864, as the Union army moved into the Richmond-Petersburg area, Archer was commissioned a major commanding the 3rd Battalion Virginia Reserves (Archer’s Battalion).  This unit was comprised of young men between the ages of 16 and 18, and older men between the ages of 45 and 55. The unit was charged with the defense of Petersburg, and saw action on June 9, 1864 (First Battle of Petersburg or “the Battle of Old Men and Young Boys”), on June 15-18 (Second Battle of Petersburg), and during the nine-month siege of the city by Union forces, which ultimately succeeded when General Robert E. Lee abandoned the city in April 1865. (Archer; Calkins)

After the Civil War, Archer reestablished his law practice, and was active in the Conservative Party. He lost elections for the post of mayor twice, but was then elected to the Petersburg City Council, and in 1882, became mayor. He died at his home in Petersburg after some months of “feeble health,” and was buried in Blandford Cemetery in Petersburg. (Calkins; Bernard)

[Note: Archer’s birth date is from the University of Virginia Matriculation Books.—JLC]

Reference:

  • Ancestry.com. 1850-1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.
  • Archer, Fletcher H. “The Defense of Petersburg on the 9th of June, 1864.” (An address delivered 6 June 1889), In War talks of Confederate veterans, edited by George S. Bernard. Petersburg, VA, 1892, p. 105-149.
  • Archer tombstones, Blandford Cemetery, Petersburg, VA. Findagrave.com.
  • Calkins, Christopher M., “Fletcher H. Archer (1817-1902),” Encyclopedia Virginia, 15 Aug. 2013 http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Archer_Fletcher_H_1817-1902
  • “Fletcher H. Archer,” In War talks of Confederate veterans, edited by George S. Bernard. Petersburg, VA, 1892, p. xvi-xviii.
  • “United States Mexican War Pension Index, 1887-1926″, index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/K8H4-HP3 : accessed 21 Jun 2014), Fletcher Harris Archer, 1887.
  • University of Virginia Matriculation Books, 1825-1904, Accession #RG-14/4/2.041, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
  • “Virginia, Deaths and Burials, 1853-1912,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/X519-1BF : accessed 21 Jun 2014), Allin Archer, 11 Feb 1869; citing Petersburg, Virginia, reference p 1; FHL microfilm 2048594.
  • “Virginia, Marriages, 1785-1940,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XRW2-8LT : accessed 21 Jun 2014), Fletcher H. Archer and Martha G. R…Indale, 31 Mar 1863; citing Petersburg City, Virginia, reference 14; FHL microfilm 33441.
  • Wallace, Lee A., jr. and Conway, Martin R. A history of Petersburg National Battlefield. Washington, DC, 1983. <http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/pete/wallace.pdf&gt;
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Henry Anderson (24 July 1829-18 Nov. 1862)

Henry Anderson was from Salem, Virginia. I have not been able to find a definitive answer to the identities of his parents, but evidence found in the 1850, 1860, and 1880 U.S. Censuses suggests that his mother’s maiden name was Mary Snyder.

He graduated from Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania with the class of 1852, then studied medicine at the University of Virginia in session 30 (1853-1854), where he studied Chemistry, Medicine, Physiology & Surgery, and Anatomy. After his graduation, he practiced in Philadelphia and in Baltimore.

On April 22, 1857, he married Anne Eliza Peterman, and they had two children: Jane R. and Henry Peterman Anderson. (Dickenson College)

At the outbreak of the Civil War, Anderson returned to Virginia to serve in the hospitals. In 1862, he was assigned to work at the Montgomery White Sulphur Springs Resort, which was designated a “Confederate general hospital and charged with caring for sick and wounded soldiers. By the end of the summer, the hospital was at capacity, with more than 400 patients. While there is no complete list of those who died in the hospital, the nearby cemetery is said to hold 265 graves.” (Special Collections, VPI)

Dr. Anderson died at Montgomery White Sulphur Springs in Montgomery County, Virginia, in 1862.

References:

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Theodore Ellis Atkinson (23 Dec. 1851-19 Feb. 1939)

Theodore Ellis Atkinson was the son of John Pepper Atkinson (1804-1873) of Brunswick County, Virginia, and his second wife, Theodora Phelps Ellis (1820-1905) of Putnam County, Georgia. (Phelps) One of Theodore’s brothers was William Yates Atkinson, who served two terms as governor of Georgia, 1894-1898.

Theodore first attended Emory College, graduating in 1871, and attended the University of Virginia in session 48 (1871-1872). He was first employed as a teacher and principal of a high school, then went into business. In the Emory College alumni register of 1910, Atkinson is listed as a merchant whose business—Atkinson Bros.—was located in Newnan, Georgia. (Connally)

Theodore married Mary Lou Cook (1863-1953) in 1879. They had ten children: Louise, Roswell, Theodora, Margarett, Mary, Harold, Mallory, Frank, Ellis (d. young), and Virginia Atkinson (d. young). All the children had the middle name “Cook.” Theodore and Mary Lou Atkinson are buried in Oak Hill Cemetery, in Newnan, Georgia.

References:

  • Ancestry.com. 1860-1940 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc.
  • Atkinson tombstones, Oak Hill Cemetery, Newnan, Georgia & Cokes Chapel United Methodist Church Cemetery, Sharpsburg, Georgia. Findagrave.com.
  • Connally, Thomas W., comp. Occupation and address register of the graduates of Emory College, Oxford, Georgia. Atlanta, GA, 1910, p.73.
  • Phelps, Oliver Seymour. The Phelps family of America, and their English ancestors. Pittsfield, MA, 1899, v. 1, p. 824-825.
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Joseph Young Allison (16 July 1846-1 Dec. 1912)

Joseph Young Allison was born in Concord, N.C., the second of the nine children of Robert Washington Allison (1809-1898), a farmer and merchant, and his wife, Sara Ann Phifer Allison (1816-1889). Joseph joined the Confederate Army in 1864 and served in Moseley’s Company (the Sampson Artillery), in the 13th Battalion, North Carolina Light Artillery in 1864-1865.

After the Civil War, he studied liberal arts at Davidson College in Davidson N. C. (1865-1866) and, after graduating, attended the University of Virginia in session 43-44 (1866-1868), where he studied law. He was admitted to the bar in Charlotte, N. C., and practiced law for three years. He decided he did not like the law, and enrolled in Columbia Theological Seminary in Columbia S. C. He was licensed to preach in 1875 and was ordained at Red River, Louisiana, in 1876.

Rev. Joseph Y. Allison was married to Cave Devant (1846-1934) of South Carolina in 1876. The couple had one daughter, Margaret.

Rev. Allison was a delegate to the General Assembly of the Presbyterian church at Knoxville TN in 1879. He received a D. D. from The Presbyterian College of SC in 1892. He served as the pastor at the church in Monroe, LA from 1876-1881, in Tallahassee, FL from 1882-84, in Baton Rouge LA from 1882-87. His last parish was in Lake Charles, LA, where he was active in Confederate Veterans organizations in Louisiana and Texas.

After an illness of several months, the Reverend Doctor Allison died in Lake Charles, Calcasieu Parish, LA, in 1912. He was survived by his wife, Cave, and their daughter. The three of them are buried at Orange Grove Cemetery in Lake Charles.

References:

  • Allison tombstones, Orange Grove Cemetery, Lake Charles, Louisiana. Findagrave.com.
  • “Dr. J. Y. Allison dies.” The Lafayette Advertiser (Lafayette, LA), 6 Dec. 1912, p.5. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86079068/1912-12-06/ed-1/seq-5/>
  • “Louisiana, Deaths Index, 1850-1875, 1894-1956,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F3M5-DV4 : accessed 23 May 2014), Joseph Young Allison, 01 Dec 1912; citing Lake Charles, Calcasieu, Louisiana, certificate number 1224, State Archives, Baton Rouge; FHL microfilm 2363181.
  • Morrison, Leonard Allison. The history of the Alison or Allison family in Europe and America, A.D. 1135 to1893. Boston, 1893, p. 147-149.
  • “North Carolina, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XKDB-GHJ : accessed 23 May 2014), Joseph Y Allison, 1864; citing “Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of North Carolina,” Fold3.com; military unit Thirteenth Battalion, Light Artillery AND Capt. Moseley’s Co. (Sampson Artillery), NARA microfilm publication M270, roll 89.
  • Phifer, Charles Henry. Genealogy and history of the Phifer Family. Forgotten Books, 2013 (original 1910), p. 41-42.
  • “United States Census, 1850-1930,” index and images, FamilySearch.
  • “United States Civil War Soldiers Index, 1861-1865,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F9J3-B2X : accessed 23 May 2014), Joseph Y. Allison, 1861-1865; citing military unit Moseley’s Company, North Carolina Artillery (Samps, Confederate Soldier, NARA microfilm publication M230, roll 1 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d); FHL microfilm 821768.
  • Withers, W. A. The semi-centennial catalogue of Davidson College, Davidson, NC, 1837-1887. Raleigh, NC, 1887, p. 24.
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Alsop Family of Spotsylvania County

William Samuel Alsop (Jan. 1838?-6 Jan 1913) and George Edward Alsop (30 Jul. 1839-10 Nov. 1907) were sons of Joseph M. Alsop (1805-1872) and his wife, Sarah Ann French (1816-1886), who had married in March 1837. This family of Alsops owned a farm called Red Field. (William S. Alsop v. George E. Alsop etc. Index no. 1913-014) During the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House (8-21 May 1864), the Alsop house at Red Field was near “the Bloody Angle,” the site of the most intense day of fighting (12 May 1864) of that battle. The total casualties (Union and Confederate) on that day were about 17,000 men.

George E. Alsop attended the University of Virginia in sessions 34-35 (1857-1859). He received his M.D. from the Medical Dept. of the University of Louisiana in 1862. His was the last class before the end of the Civil War. That school is now Tulane University.

George married Virginia Louisa Yerby (1845-1895). Their children were Ernest Braxton, Hannah Meredith Yerby, Mary Eloise Power, George Yerby, Frederick William, and Caroline M. Alsop.

During the Civil War, George served as an assistant surgeon in the CSA. He was assigned to the Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond, Va., where he served for 3 years. By 1870, the U.S. Census gives his profession as “retired physician.” After his wife died, George E. Alsop lived in Newport News with his daughter and son-in-law. George and Virginia Alsop are buried in the Confederate Cemetery, in Fredericksburg, Va.

William S. Alsop attended the University of Virginia in sessions 36-37 (1859-1861). He married Louisa (called “Loulie” or “Lula”) Minor Young (1838-1909) on 2 Apr. 1861, just a few days before the Battle of Fort Sumter. The couple did not have any children. During the Civil War, William was the “Acting Commissary of Subsistence” in the 9th Regiment of Virginia Cavalry (Johnson’s Cavalry), CSA. He rose to the rank of captain.

In the 1870 U.S. Census, William and Louisa were listed as living in the “Poor House;” his profession was given as “retired farmer.” By the time of the 1880 U.S. Census, William and Louisa were living with her father, John James Young, in Fredericksburg.

William S. Alsop states in his 1909 chancery suit against George E. Alsop and the rest of the family, that he “and his wife have not lived together agreeably since about 1890.” Having been given life tenancy of the Red Field house in his father’s will, William lived alone at the main house, and the farm at Red Field was rented out, one half of the rent going to William and one half to Louisa. Joseph Alsop had entrusted the management of the farm and the money to his son George, so William had no control over it. (Complaint, William S. Alsop v. George E. Alsop etc. Index no. 1913-014.)

In the 1900 and 1910 U.S. Censuses, William continued to live at Red Field, but in the chancery suit, he requested that the farm be sold and the money secured in the bank for his (and his estranged wife’s) support. By 1912, the farm had been sold, and William lived in Fredericksburg. Louisa had died in 1909 and was buried in the Fredericksburg City Cemetery in the Young plot. William died in 1913, and was also buried there, but not with his wife.

[N.b. I should note that there was another William Samuel Alsop (1827-1907), a doctor, living in Fredericksburg during the lifetime of the William we are concerned with. This man was in the part of the Alsop family that owned LaVue in Spotsylvania County. It is sometimes difficult to separate the two men in the records.

George E. Alsop’s birth date is from the U.Va. Matriculation Books, and his death date is from his obituary. William S. Alsop’s birth date is uncertain, because he wrote it once as “Jan 1830” and once as “Jan. 1839” in the Matriculation Books. From his ages listed in the U.S. Census over the years, it seems most likely that he was born in 1838, but that will have to be confirmed by more research. His death date is from his obituary.]

References:

  • Alsup, Jerry David. Alsop’s Tables, v.3, pt 1. Bloomington, IN, 2012.
  • Alsop and Young tombstones, Fredericksburg City Cemetery and Confederate Cemetery. Findagrave.com.
  • “Capt. W. S. Alsop dead.” The Free Lance (Fredericksburg, Va.), 7 Jan. 1913, p.3.
  • “Dr. George E. Alsop [obituary],” The Times Dispatch. (Richmond, Va.), 12 Nov. 1907. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038615/1907-11-12/ed-1/seq-5/&gt;
  • Krick, Robert K. Roster of the Confederate dead in the Fredericksburg Confederate Cemetery. Fredericksburg, VA, 1974.
  • “Mrs. Lula M. Alsop dead.” The Free Lance, 6 Nov. 1909.
  • Spotsylvania County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1812-1913. William S. Alsop v. George E. Alsop etc. Index no. 1913-014. Local Government Records Collection, Spotsylvania County (Va.) Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.
  • United States Census, 1850-1910, index and images, FamilySearch.org.
  • “United States Civil War Soldiers Index, 1861-1865,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FSKQ-DPD : accessed 18 May 2014), William S. Alsop, 1861-1865; citing military unit 9th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Johnson’s), Confederate Soldier, NARA microfilm publication M382, roll 1 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d); FHL microfilm 881395.
  • University of Virginia Matriculation Books, 1825-1904, Accession #RG-14/4/2.041, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
  • “Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/J3HD-K6D : accessed 18 May 2014), William S Alsop, 1862; citing “Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Virginia,” Fold3.com; military unit Ninth Cavalry (Johnson’s Regiment), NARA microfilm publication M324, roll 87.
  • “Virginia, Marriages, 1785-1940,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XRQ9-3G8 : accessed 13 May 2014), Wm. S. Alsop and S.U. Young, 02 Apr 1861; citing Fredericksburg, Virginia, reference p10 rn194; FHL microfilm 2048487.
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