William Henry Palmer (15 Sep. 1847-30 Aug. 1902)

William Henry Palmer was born at “Spring Grove,” in Appomattox County, Virginia. He was the son of Judge Edward Albert Palmer (1825-1862), and his wife, Martha Winifred Branch (1827- ). E. A. Palmer moved to Houston, Texas in 1846, where he practiced as a lawyer and became a member of the Texas legislature from 1852-1854 and a state senator in 1855; he served as a judge of the District court from 1860 until his death in 1862. (Barringer)

William H. Palmer attended Houston private schools until 1863, when he was sent to Paris, France. He studied in Paris for four years. He returned to the United States in 1867 and attended the University of Virginia in session 46 (1869-1870), where he studied Law. He joined Delta Psi fraternity in 1870. He settled in Houston, Texas after leaving the University, and began his practice as an attorney.

On 14 Dec. 1882, Palmer married Susan Manella Shepherd (1856-1920), daughter of B. A. Shepherd, President and founder of the First National Bank of Houston. The couple had two children, Edward Albert and Daphne Winifred Palmer. W. H. Palmer became an officer of the First National Bank, where he worked until his death at Avalon, on Catalina Island, California. He is buried with his wife in Glenwood Cemetery, in Houston, TX.

References:

  • Barringer, Paul B., University of Virginia, its history, influence, equipment and characteristics. New York, 1904, v. 2, p. 32-33.
  • Delta Psi. Catalog of the members of the fraternity of Delta Psi. 1906.
  • Palmer tombstones, Glenwood Cemetery, Houston, TX. Findagrave.com
  • “Palmer, Edward A.” in National Cyclopedia of American Biography. New York, NY, 1898, v. 8, p. 160.
  • University of Virginia. Catalogue of the University of Virginia. Forty-sixth session, 1869-’70. Richmond, VA, 1870, p. 14.
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James Thomas Tosh (16 May 1838-7 Apr. 1894)

James T. Tosh was born in Roanoke County, Virginia. His parents were possibly Jonathan J. Tosh (1812-ca. 1840) and his wife, Jane M. F. Clark (ca. 1814-ca. 1840), though that assertion needs additional supporting evidence. (lorbot@cox.net)

Young Tosh attended the Virginia Military Institute, from which he graduated in 1860. He attended the University of Virginia in session 37 (1860-1861). In the year before the Civil War started, the students at the University organized themselves into three companies, including the “Sons of Liberty” of which Tosh was the captain. (Patton) The Sons of Liberty participated in the Confederate attack on Harper’s Ferry, but saw little action. When the University units were disbanded to allow them to serve in the regiments of their home states, Tosh became aide de camp to Confederate Brigadier General R. E. Colston (in the 16th Virginia Infantry (Colston’s Regiment, 26th Virginia Infantry Regiment)), a position in which he served until the end of the war.

He married Ida Ragland (b. ca. 1846) of Petersburg, VA, on 5 Jan. 1864, and the couple had the following children: Charles W., Evelyn R., Madeline Robards, Mary Ingles, Reuben Ragland, Thomas Lewis, Rhoda C., Josephine J., James T., Andrew L. Tosh. Another child, Lilian Charlestine Tosh (b. 1883) is found in the Virginia Birth Records (1853-1896), but she is not seen on any census. Mr. Tosh settled in Petersburg and became a tobacconist—a tobacco manufacturer. (U.S. Censuses; lorbot@cox.net)

Petersburg, April  7 [1894].—This city was visited by a terrible catastrophy [sic] this afternoon occasioned by the fire and explosion of powder at the fireworks factory of Romaine Bros. Eleven men were killed and a large number seriously if not fatally injured. Among the killed are Charles N. Romaine and John R. Bland [the owners of the factory], manufacturers, and members of the city council, and Capt. James T. Tosh, a prominent citizen. … This afternoon about 3 o’clock an alarm of fire was turned in and was soon followed by a loud explosion. …  These explosions were distinctly heard for over a mile. … There were three explosions. The first was a small affair. As soon as it occurred Messrs. Romaine, Bland and Tosh rushed into the drying room and then the second and fatal explosion occurred and they were killed. A number of girls, employed in the fireworks factory, escaped just before the second explosion.” (“Eleven Killed”)

The body of Captain Tosh was not found until about 6 o’clock. The Captain was a candidate for Commissioner of the Revenue, and while he lived in the western part of the city [Petersburg], was at the time of the fire in Blandford, prosecuting his canvas. He felt very hopeful of a nomination by the Democratic primary…He leaves a widow and nine children.” (“Awful holocaust.”)

The funeral of Captain James T. Tosh was attended by large numbers of people, including the members of A.P. Hill Camp of Confederate Veterans, the Sons of Confederate Veterans, and members of the Tobacco Exchange. He was interred in Blandford Cemetery. (“To aid the sufferers.”)

In the 1920 U.S. Census, Ida Tosh was living with her daughters, Evelyn and Mary, in Richmond, Virginia.

References:

  • “Awful holocaust.” Richmond Dispatch (Richmond, VA), 8 April 1894, p.8.
  • Brock, R. A. & Virgil A. Lewis. Virginia and Virginians. Richmond. VA, 1888, v.2, p. 657.
  • “Eleven killed.” The Roanoke Times (Roanoke, VA), 8 April 1894, p.1.
  • “James Thomas Tosh, ID 790.” in Virginia Military Institute. Archives, Historical Rosters Database. http://www9.vmi.edu/archiverosters/
  • Laura (Lorbot@cox.net). Descendants of Thomas Tosh & Mark Evans of Roanoke. [database online] Last updated: 1 Nov. 2008.
    <http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=toshseeker2&id=I00018&gt;
  • Patton, John S. & Sallie J. Doswell. The University of Virgina; glimpses of its past and its present. [Charlottesville, VA?] 1900, p. 63.
  • “To aid the sufferers.” The Times (Richmond, VA), 11 April 1894, p.2.
  • Tosh family tombstones, Blandford Cemetery, Petersburg, VA. Findagrave.com.
  • “United States Census, 1860,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MHMW-674 : accessed 10 Oct 2014), James T Tosh, Lexington, Rockbridge, Virginia, United States; citing “1860 U.S. Federal Census – Population,” Fold3.com; p. 15, household ID 92, NARA microfilm publication M653; FHL microfilm 805378.
  • “United States Census, 1870,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MFL5-ZDP : accessed 10 Oct 2014), James T Tosh in household of Ruben Ragland, Virginia, United States; citing p. 21, family 144, NARA microfilm publication M593, FHL microfilm 000553142.
  • “United States Census, 1880,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MCPB-W25 : accessed 10 Oct 2014), James T Tosh, Namozine, Dinwiddie, Virginia, United States; citing sheet 182C, NARA microfilm publication T9.
  • “United States Census, 1900,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MMJG-7YR : accessed 10 Oct 2014), Ida R Tosh, Petersburg city Ward 3, Dinwiddie, Virginia, United States; citing sheet 5B, family 138, NARA microfilm publication T623, FHL microfilm 1241736.
  • “United States Civil War Soldiers Index, 1861-1865,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F9L8-FW1 : accessed 10 Oct 2014), James T. Tosh, 1861-1865; citing military unit 16th Regiment, Virginia Infantry, Confederate Soldier, NARA microfilm publication M382, roll 56 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d); FHL microfilm 881450.
  • “Virginia, Births and Christenings, 1853-1917,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VRR8-MYW : accessed 10 Oct 2014), James T. Tosh in entry for Lilian Charlestine Tosh, 1883; citing Petersburg, Prince George, Virginia, reference ; FHL microfilm 33442.
  • “Virginia, Deaths and Burials, 1853-1912,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/X51S-LTL : accessed 10 Oct 2014), J.T Tosh, 07 Apr 1894; citing Petersburg, Virginia, reference p 6 ln 204; FHL microfilm 2048594.
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Richard Justin McCarty (12 Mar. 1851-16 Jun. 1934)

Richard Justin McCarty was born in Clarksburg, WV. His father was Col. Joseph McCarty, a merchant, and his mother was Ann McCally, Col. McCarty’s first wife. R. J.’s childhood was peripatetic, as his father moved from West Virginia, to Kansas City, Missouri, to Sabine Pass, Texas, to Chappell Hill, Texas. In his autobiography, R. J. McCarty states that his father was related to the McCartys of Loudoun County, Virginia, but gives no further details.

R. J. McCarty attended the University of Virginia in sessions 46-47 (1869-1871) and earned a certificate in Mathematics. After working on the railroad for three years, he went back to U.Va. for session 51 (1874-1875), during which time he earned a degree in Civil Engineering. Back in Kansas City, McCarty worked his way up in the railroad industry, working for the Kansas Rolling Mill Company, the Metropolitan Street Railway Company of Kansas City, MO, and the Kansas City Southern Railroad, from which he retired as a vice president in 1918.

On 24 Jun. 1877, McCarty married Mary Louise Allen (1854-1947), and the couple had two children, Allen McCarty and Richard Justin McCarty, Jr. They lived in Kansas City for the rest of their lives, well-known and respected in their community. Richard J. McCarty, Sr., died of heart disease and chronic bronchitis in 1934, and is buried at Union Cemetery, Kansas City, MO, with his wife and his son Richard Jr.

References:

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Emlyn Harrison Marsteller (9 Apr. 1850-23 Jul. 1916)

E. H. Marsteller was the son of Dr. Cyrus Cooper Marsteller (1797-1871) of Prince William County, Virginia, and his wife, Elizabeth Harrison (1814-1899). He attended the University of Virginia in sessions 47-48 and 51 (1870-1872 & 1874-1875), where he studied medicine, physiology and surgery, anatomy, and chemistry. He also attended Georgetown University.

On 26 Nov. 1873, Dr. E. H. Marsteller married Marianne “Marie” Clark Mason (1844-1921)–a descendant of George Mason (IV) of Gunston Hall–in Alexandria, Virginia, and the couple had two children, James Mason Marsteller and Emlyn Harrison Marsteller, Jr.

Dr. Marsteller entered the U.S. Navy on Jan. 12, 1876. He served on the Nautical School ship St. Mary’s, and at the Battles of Manila Bay and Corregidor on the Raleigh. Dr. Marsteller received the Manila Bay Medal for this service. (J. Am. Med. Assoc.; Daily News Almanac; “Manila Bay Medal Recipients.”)  “He served a total of 15 years, 3 months at sea, and 13 years, 8 months on shore or other duty,” and retired on 15 Sep. 1908 at the rank of Lieutenant Commander. (J. Am. Med. Assoc .; US Bureau of Naval Personnel, 1911)

Dr. Marsteller died in Washington, D.C., at his home. He was buried at Oak Hill Cemetery, in Washington, D.C. (NY Medical Journal; J. Am. Med. Assoc.; Washington Post)

[Note: Dr. Marsteller’s birth date is from the U.Va. Matriculation Books; his death date is from the announcement in the New York Medical Journal and the Journal of the American Medical Association.—JLC]

References:

  • “Births, marriages, and deaths.” New York Medical Journal, 5 Aug., 1916, p. 288.
  • Chicago Daily News Almanac for 1896. Chicago, IL, 1896, p.120.
  • “Deaths.” Journal of the American Medical Association, v.67, no.6 (Aug. 5, 1916), p.450.
  • “Local News Stories.” Washington Post (Washington, D.C.), 25 July, 1916, p.12.
  • “Manila Bay Medal recipients, USS Raleigh.” http://www.history.navy.mil/medals/dewey/dewey3.htm [website] 23 July 1999.
  • Marsteller graves, Oak Hill Cemetery, Washington, D.C. Findagrave.com.
  • Maxwell, Will J., comp. General register of Georgetown University, Washington, D.C., 1916, p.263.
  • United States. Bureau of Naval Personnel. Register of the Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the Navy of the United States and of the Marine Corps to January 1, 1895. Washington, D.C., 1895, p. 111.
  • United States. Bureau of Naval Personnel. Register of the Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the Navy of the United States and of the Marine Corps to January 1, 1911. Washington, D.C., 1911, p.145.
  • “United States Census, 1860,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M41T-TVQ : accessed 03 Sep 2014), Emlyn H Marsteller in household of Cyrus C Marsteller, [Blank], Prince William, Virginia, United States; citing “1860 U.S. Federal Census – Population,” Fold3.com; p. 26, household ID 186, NARA microfilm publication M653; FHL microfilm 805373.
  • “United States Census, 1870,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MFG7-X4M : accessed 03 Sep 2014), Emlyn Marsteller in household of Cyrus C Marsteller, Virginia, United States; citing p. 32, family 195, NARA microfilm publication M593, FHL microfilm 000553172.
  • “United States Census, 1880,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MWVQ-495 : accessed 03 Sep 2014), E H Marstella in household of John C Wise, Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States; citing sheet 305B, NARA microfilm publication T9.
  • “United States Census, 1900,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M31C-5Z9 : accessed 03 Sep 2014), Emlyn H Marsteller, League Island Navy Yard/U.S.R.S. Richmond, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States; citing sheet D, family , NARA microfilm publication T623, FHL microfilm 1241480.
  • University of Virginia Matriculation Books, 1825-1904, Accession #RG-14/4/2.041, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
  • “Virginia, Marriages, 1785-1940,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XRQ4-GYT : accessed 03 Sep 2014), E. H. Marsteller and Maria Mason, 26 Nov 1873; citing Alexandria, Fairfax, Virginia, reference 93-36; FHL microfilm 31329.
  • “Virginia, Marriages, 1785-1940,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/X5BP-KWR : accessed 03 Sep 2014), Emelyn Marstella in entry for Emelyn H. Marstella Jr. and Elizabeth R. Selden, 09 Dec 1914; citing Richmond, Virginia, reference ; FHL microfilm 2048500.
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Fletcher Harris Archer (6 Feb. 1817-21 Aug. 1902)

Fletcher H. Archer was the son of Allen Archer (ca. 1783-1869), a miller of Petersburg, Virginia, and his wife, Prudence Whitworth (1783-1851). He studied law at the University of Virginia in session 17 (1840-1841). He set up his law practice in his home town of Petersburg.

Archer served in the 39th Virginia Militia Regiment, then in 1846, recruited men who were first called the Petersburg Mexican Volunteers, and later became Company E of the 1st Virginia Volunteer Regiment, and Archer served as their captain. The 1st Virginia Volunteers saw action in Mexico during from 1847-1848. (Calkins; United States Mexican War Pension Index)

Before 14 Aug. 1850, Archer married Eliza Ann Eppes Allen (ca. 1827-1851) and in 1850 the couple lived in Dinwiddie County, Virginia, near Petersburg. (1850 U.S. Census) The Archers had one daughter, named Eliza Ann C. Archer. Eliza Ann Archer died soon after her daughter was born. Archer married his second wife, a widow—Martha Georgianna (Morton) Barksdale (1827-1902)—on 31 Mar. 1863. (Calkins; U. S. Census)

In April 1861, Archer raised a company of men, designated Company K (the “Archer Rifles”), of the 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Over the next year, he served the Confederacy in several positions, then retired in May 1861 and returned to Petersburg.

In June 1864, as the Union army moved into the Richmond-Petersburg area, Archer was commissioned a major commanding the 3rd Battalion Virginia Reserves (Archer’s Battalion).  This unit was comprised of young men between the ages of 16 and 18, and older men between the ages of 45 and 55. The unit was charged with the defense of Petersburg, and saw action on June 9, 1864 (First Battle of Petersburg or “the Battle of Old Men and Young Boys”), on June 15-18 (Second Battle of Petersburg), and during the nine-month siege of the city by Union forces, which ultimately succeeded when General Robert E. Lee abandoned the city in April 1865. (Archer; Calkins)

After the Civil War, Archer reestablished his law practice, and was active in the Conservative Party. He lost elections for the post of mayor twice, but was then elected to the Petersburg City Council, and in 1882, became mayor. He died at his home in Petersburg after some months of “feeble health,” and was buried in Blandford Cemetery in Petersburg. (Calkins; Bernard)

[Note: Archer’s birth date is from the University of Virginia Matriculation Books.—JLC]

Reference:

  • Ancestry.com. 1850-1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.
  • Archer, Fletcher H. “The Defense of Petersburg on the 9th of June, 1864.” (An address delivered 6 June 1889), In War talks of Confederate veterans, edited by George S. Bernard. Petersburg, VA, 1892, p. 105-149.
  • Archer tombstones, Blandford Cemetery, Petersburg, VA. Findagrave.com.
  • Calkins, Christopher M., “Fletcher H. Archer (1817-1902),” Encyclopedia Virginia, 15 Aug. 2013 http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Archer_Fletcher_H_1817-1902
  • “Fletcher H. Archer,” In War talks of Confederate veterans, edited by George S. Bernard. Petersburg, VA, 1892, p. xvi-xviii.
  • “United States Mexican War Pension Index, 1887-1926″, index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/K8H4-HP3 : accessed 21 Jun 2014), Fletcher Harris Archer, 1887.
  • University of Virginia Matriculation Books, 1825-1904, Accession #RG-14/4/2.041, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
  • “Virginia, Deaths and Burials, 1853-1912,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/X519-1BF : accessed 21 Jun 2014), Allin Archer, 11 Feb 1869; citing Petersburg, Virginia, reference p 1; FHL microfilm 2048594.
  • “Virginia, Marriages, 1785-1940,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XRW2-8LT : accessed 21 Jun 2014), Fletcher H. Archer and Martha G. R…Indale, 31 Mar 1863; citing Petersburg City, Virginia, reference 14; FHL microfilm 33441.
  • Wallace, Lee A., jr. and Conway, Martin R. A history of Petersburg National Battlefield. Washington, DC, 1983. <http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/pete/wallace.pdf&gt;
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