Benjamin Mellichamp Cromwell (22 Sep. 1835-30 Apr. 1917)

Benjamin M. Cromwell was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, the son of Warham Cromwell, of Columbus, Georgia and his wife, Josephine. He grew up in Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina.

He attended the University of Virginia in session 30 (1853-1854). Afterward, he entered the University of Medicine of New York, and graduated with honor in 1857. (General alumni catalogue, 1907; Catalogue of the Medical Department… 1890) He moved to Albany, Georgia and practiced medicine there until the beginning of the Civil War. He initially served as a private in the Albany Guards, 4th Georgia Regiment, until he was promoted to assistant surgeon in October 1861. He served in the 1st, 3rd, and 5th North Carolina Infantry. In May 1862, he was promoted to full surgeon at the rank of major, and served with the 3d Louisiana Battalion. He was present at the surrender at Appomattox. (Ledger stone installed by the “Cumberland Historical Cemetery Organization” on 2 Nov. 1996, at the grave.)

On 15 Jan. 1866, he married Louisa Carter Burwell (1836-1883) of “The Grove” in Winchester, VA. They had 6 children: Laura Lee, Josephine, Agnes Louise, Susan Lee, Lewis Warham, and Louise Carter Cromwell. (History of Dougherty County. p. 131-132) Dr. Cromwell and his family lived in Albany, GA, until 1882, when he became the resident physician of the Consolidated Coal Company, at Eckhart Mines, MD. He practiced medicine until the age of 81. (Confederate Veteran, Aug. 1917, p. 374)

Dr. Cromwell is buried in Frostburg Memorial Park, Frostburg, Maryland. His wife, Louisa, is buried in Mount Hebron Cemetery, in Winchester, Virginia.

References:

  • Alumni Association of University of the City of New York. Medical Department.Catalogue of the graduates and officers of the Medical Department of the University of the City of New York. 3rd ed. New York, 1890, p.99.
  • Cromwell tombstones, Frostburg Memorial Park, Frostburg, MD, and Mount Hebron Cemetery, Winchester, VA. Findagrave.com.
  • “Dr. B. M. Cromwell,” in “The Last Roll,”Confederate Veteran, v.25, no.8 (Aug. 1917), p. 374.
  • “Dr. Benjamin M. Cromwell,” in Daughters of the American Revolution (Thronateeska Chapter),History and Reminiscences of Dougherty County, Georgia. Albany, 1924, p. 131-132. http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ga/county/dougherty/dougherty_history.htm
  • New York University.General alumni catalogue of New York University, 1833-1907. Medical alumni. New York, 1907, p.55.)
  • “United States Census, 1850,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MZYY-TMG : accessed 5 April 2015), Benjamin M Cromwell in household of Warham Cromwell, Columbus, Muscogee, Georgia, United States; citing family 569, NARA microfilm publication M432 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • “United States Census, 1880,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M8L5-MC6 : accessed 5 April 2015), B M Cromwell, Albany, Dougherty, Georgia, United States; citing enumeration district 24, sheet 56A, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 0144; FHL microfilm 1,254,144.
  • “United States Census, 1910,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M2XN-TFN : accessed 5 April 2015), Benjamin M Cromwell, Election District 24, Allegany, Maryland, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 26, sheet 1A, family 3, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,374,562.
  • “United States Civil War Soldiers Index, 1861-1865,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FSTH-43D : accessed 5 April 2015), B. M. Cromwell, Assistant Surgeon, Company F&S, 15th Regiment, Louisiana Infantry, Confederate; citing NARA microfilm publication M378 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 7; FHL microfilm 881,463.
  • University of Virginia Matriculation Books, 1825-1904, Accession #RG-14/4/2.041, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
  • “Virginia, Marriages, 1785-1940,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X51K-9FY : accessed 5 April 2015), Bery M. Cromwell and L. C. Burwell, 15 Jan 1866; citing Winchester, Frederick, Virginia, reference P. 20 Line 1; FHL microfilm 2,048,496.
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Sylvester Albert (12 Mar. 1829-29 Aug. 1877)

Sylvester Albert was the son of James Albert (d. 1839), of Scott County, Virginia, and his wife, Nancy Agnes Glenn (d. 1836). James Albert was a cattle broker and eventually became a Justice of the Peace and the High Sheriff of the county. In 1850, Sylvester, at age 21, was living with the family of Dr. Christopher Alderson in Russell County who was training him as a doctor. (1850 U.S. Census)

[Note that in all of the censuses in which Sylvester Albert is listed by name (1850, 1860, and 1870), he is listed as being born circa 1829, i.e., his age is given as 21, 31, and 40 respectively. Also, in the University of Virginia Matriculation books, in which the entries were written by the students themselves, Sylvester Albert writes his birth date as March 12, 1829, contrary to the 1827 date of birth given in the family history by Ethel Evans Albert. It is because of this preponderance of evidence that I use the birth date from the Matriculation books.—JLC]

Albert attended the University of Virginia in sessions 28-29 (1851-1853), where he was a “State Student.” The State Students were young men who, although academically outstanding, did not have the funds to attend the University. The Commonwealth of Virginia paid the tuition of these students, selecting one for each State Senatorial District. Albert was the representative of Senatorial District 7—Russell, Smyth, and Washington Counties—for the two years he studied at U.Va. (U.Va. Faculty Minutes, 1 Jul. 1851.) He studied Chemistry and Materia Medica; Medicine; and Anatomy, Physiology and Surgery.  (U.Va. Faculty Minutes, 28 Jun. 1852) He was at the University when the famous shooting of George Turpin by John S. Mosby occurred.

“He was one of the few professionally trained physicians in the Clinch Valley when he returned from Charlottesville.” (Virginia Dept. of Historic Resources, p.4) In 1856, Dr. Albert established his home at Albert Farm in Russell County, which then held only a log cabin. Albert built the first additional segment, a two-story log pen, at that time. He built the second log pen after he returned from the Civil War. When the Civil War began, Dr. Albert accompanied the local county militia as their surgeon, and they joined Gen. Stonewall Jackson’s forces. After the war, Dr. Albert returned to his practice. He died in 1877 from typhoid fever. (Virginia Dept. of Historic Resources, p.4; Albert, p. 109)

He married Mary Elizabeth Wyatt (1839-1928). The couple had the following children: Charles Allen, Josephine, James, Edgar Newton, Sylvester II, Mary Elizabeth, John Glenn, Jay, and Rosamond (or Rosalind—there are conflicting reports) Gertrude Albert. (1880 U.S. Census; Albert, p. 109)

Dr. Albert is buried in the Albert Family Cemetery on the Albert Farm in Russell County, Virginia.

References:

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Henry Waldrum Addison (Sep. 1834-10 Jan. 1909)

Henry Waldrum Addison was born in September 1834 in Edgefield District, South Carolina. His parents were Joseph R. Addison (1798-1835), and his second wife, Matilda Waldrum (1805-1870). In the U.Va. Matriculation Books, his parent or guardian is a W. B. Addison. Since his father died soon after his birth, W. B. Addison was his guardian.

Henry attended the University of Virginia in session 30 (1853-1854), where he studied Ancient Languages and Moral Philosophy. After he left U.Va., he established a law practice with W. C. Moragne in December 1855 in Edgefield District. He was living in Edgefield Village in 1860.

Henry enlisted in the Confederate Army in Aiken, SC, on 15 Apr. 1861. He was elected Captain of Company H, 7th South Carolina Infantry on 13 May 1862. He was wounded in the thigh by canister shot at Antietam on 17 Sept. 1862. After serving as judge advocate for his division from for the first six months of 1863, he returned to the infantry and was wounded in the left leg at Chickamauga on 20 Sep. 1863. As a result his leg was amputated. On 16 Aug 1864, after being hospitalized for “debility” and then pneumonia, he was deemed a fit subject for retirement. He returned to his law practice and was a prominent member of the Edgefield Bar. (Buchanan; H. W. Waldrum service file; Wycoff)

Henry was married to Leila E. Wallace (1844-1906). The couple had two children, named Wallace Gordon Addison and Laura Addison.

The 1900 census records that Henry and Leila Addison were then living in the household of their daughter and son-in-law, John Carey Lamar, in Aiken County, SC. They lived there from 1895 until the times of their deaths. Henry, Leila, and their son Wallace are buried at Magnolia Cemetery, Augusta, Ga. Their daughter and son-in-law are also buried in that cemetery.

[Note: H. W. Addison’s birth month and year is from the U.Va. Matriculation Books. His death date is from newspaper announcements.–JLC]

References:

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John A. Adams (1 Aug. 1817-19 Jan. 1882)

John A. Adams was the son of John Adams (1776-1837) and his wife, Mary “Polly” Smith (b. ca. 1775-1839), both of whom are buried in Muskingum Presbyterian Cemetery, Nashport, Ohio. John A. Adams, the son, attended the University of Virginia in session 13 (1836-1837), where he studied Chemistry, Medicine, and Anatomy and Surgery. His guardian while at U.Va. was Turners Adams, of Oak Hill, Fauquier County, VA, possibly his uncle. After his year at U.Va., he is said to have attended the University of Pennsylvania, although I can find no evidence of his attendance in the Catalogue of the Alumni of the Medical Department of the University of Pennsylvania, 1765-1877.

Dr. Adams established his practice at Turners, in Fauquier County. (Originally called Piedmont Station, its name was changed in 1874 to Delaplane.) In the 1850 U.S. Census, his profession is given as Physician. He married Mary E. Barbee (1826-1881) on 10 Feb. 1840 in Fauquier County. They had several children, among them: Mary L., Virginia J., Anna C., Rebecca Agnes, Ida D., Lillie, and Claudia. By the Census of 1880, the Adamses are living in Amissville, in Rappahannock County, Virginia, where Mrs. Adams is described as “paralyzed.”

On 24 April 1861, Dr. Adams enlisted in H Company of the 6th Cavalry (Virginia) as a captain. In a hearing regarding “Capt. Adams’ qualifications and his fitness for promotion,” held on Aug. 18, 1862, Robert Galt, Surgeon of the 6th Cavalry testified that Adams suffered from dropsy, resulting from heart disease. At this hearing, Col. Thomas S. Flournoy testified that “Capt. Adams is physically incapable of discharging his duties as an officer.” Capt. Adams resigned his position on Sep 19 1862. (“Dr. John A. Adams.” Compiled service record)

Dr. Adams and his wife Mary are buried in Cool Spring Methodist Church Cemetery, Delaplane, Fauquier Co., VA.

[Note: John A. Adams’ birth date is taken from the U.Va. Matriculation Books; the birth date on his tombstone is 1 Aug. 1819. His death date is from his tombstone.—JLC]

References:

  • Adams tombstones, Cool Spring Methodist Church Cemetery, Delaplane, Fauquier Co., VA, and Muskingum Presbyterian Cemetery, Nashport, OH. Findagrave.com.
  • Alumni of the Medical Department, University of Pennsylvania. Catalogue of the Alumni of the Medical Department of the University of Pennsylvania, 1765-1877. Philadelphia, PA, 1877.
  • Ancestry.com. 1850-1880 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.
  • Ancestry.com. Virginia, Marriages, 1740-1850 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1999.
  • “Delaplane Historic District, Fauquier County, Virginia, VDHR #030-0002.” 12/23/2003. http://www.dhr.virginia.gov/registers/Counties/Fauquier/030-0002_Delaplane_HD_2004_Final_Nomination.pdf
  • “Dr. John A. Adams.” Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Virginia. M324. Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations , compiled 1903-1927, documenting the period 1861-1865, Record group 109.
  • Jones, Sue Annabrooke. “Gibbons Family Tree.” [database online] http://www.genspirit.com/gibbons.htm
  • National Park Service. U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.
  • Schele de Vere, Maximilian. Students of the University of Virginia; a semi-centennial catalogue. Baltimore, MD, 1878.
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James Anderson Agnew (23 Mar. 1828-1 Oct. 1879) 

James A. Agnew (listed in the U.Va. Catalogue as “James M. A. Agnew”), was the son of Dr. James A. Agnew (1793-1849) of Prince Edward County, Virginia, and his wife, Martha Ann Miller (1803-1868). The Agnew family lived at “Roseland” in Burkeville, Prince Edward County.

The younger James A. Agnew attended the University of Virginia in session 23 (1846-1847). He studied Chemistry, Medicine, Anatomy and Surgery. The next year he attended the Medical College of the University of New York, from which he earned his M.D. in 1848. (Alumni Association of the University of New York) He established his practice in Nottoway, VA.

Dr. Agnew married Martha “Pattie” Chaffin Scott (1832-1872) in Nottoway, VA, on 15 Nov. 1854. The couple had eleven children, including Culilo (d. young), James Perkinson, Mattie B., T. Scott, Eliza W., Mary C., William B., Ella Graham, Anne “Jean” Virginia Agnew. (1860 & 1870 U.S. Census) The family lived at “Roseland” until it burned in 1871. Pattie Agnew died soon after the birth of her last child, Anne Virginia, and Dr. Agnew married secondly, in 1877, Elizabeth Jane McLean (1836-1918). She and Dr. Agnew had no children together, but she raised the youngest children after Dr. Agnew died two years later. (Virginia Cooperative Extension)

Dr. Agnew, both his wives, his parents, and several of his children, are buried at Sunset Hill Cemetery, in Burkeville, Virginia.

 [Note: Dr. James Anderson Agnew’s birth date is from the U.Va. Matriculation Books; his middle name is from his tombstone; and his death date is from “Virginia, Deaths and Burials, 1853-1912.”—JLC]

References:

  • Agnew tombstones, Sunset Hill Cemetery, Burkeville, VA, in Findagrave.com.
  • Alumni Association.  Catalogue of the Graduates and Officers of the Medical Department of the University of the City of New York. October, 1890. 3rd ed. New York, 1890, p. 75.
  • “Ella Graham Agnew (1871-1958).” in Virginia Cooperative Extension, “Early Days of Virginia’s Extension Service [website] c2014. http://vtpp.ext.vt.edu/museum-of-pest-management/early-days-of-virginias-extension-service/ella-graham-agnew-1871-1958
  • Schele de Vere, Maximilian. Students of the University of Virginia; a semi-centennial catalogue. Baltimore, MD, 1878.
  • “United States Census, 1850,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M8DN-8RF : accessed 28 February 2015), James A Agnew in household of Mary A Ellington, Nottoway county, Nottoway, Virginia, United States; citing family 216, NARA microfilm publication M432 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • “United States Census, 1860,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M41K-THN : accessed 28 February 2015), J A Agnew, 1 Magisterial District, Nottoway, Virginia, United States; from “1860 U.S. Federal Census – Population,” Fold3.com; citing p. 48, household ID 342, NARA microfilm publication M653, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.; FHL microfilm 805,367.
  • “United States Census, 1870,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MFGQ-G95 : accessed 28 February 2015), Jos A Agnew, Virginia, United States; citing p. 103, family 758, NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 553,172.
  • “United States Census, 1880,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MC5R-F5H : accessed 28 February 2015), J Perkinson Agnew, Haytokah, Nottoway, Virginia, United States; citing enumeration district 155, sheet 177A, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 1382; FHL microfilm 1,255,382.
  • “United States Census, 1900,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MMNX-714 : accessed 28 February 2015), Ella T Agnew in household of Eliza Agnew, Haytokah District (south part, excl. Burkeville town), Nottoway, Virginia, United States; citing sheet 7A, family 91, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,241,721.
  • “United States Census, 1910,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MPGQ-TBZ : accessed 28 February 2015), Elizabeth Agnew in household of Macleon B Leath, Haytokah, Nottoway, Virginia, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 71, sheet 18A, family 76, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,375,652.
  • University of Virginia Matriculation Books, 1825-1904, Accession #RG-14/4/2.041, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
  • “Virginia, Deaths and Burials, 1853-1912,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XR3Y-RH2 : accessed 28 February 2015), James A. Agnew, 01 Oct 1879; citing Nottoway, Virginia, reference e 1; FHL microfilm 2,048,580.
  • “Virginia, Marriages, 1785-1940,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XRND-G76 : accessed 28 February 2015), James A. Agnew and Pattie C. Scott, 15 Nov 1854; citing Amelia, Virginia, reference Pg 1; FHL microfilm 30,474.
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