Elisha B. Faulkner was born at “Boydville,” in Martinsburg, VA (now WV), the son of Charles James Faulkner (1806-1884), a member of the U.S. House of Representatives and minister to France prior to the Civil War, and his wife, Mary W. (Boyd) Faulkner (1817-1894).
E. B. Faulkner was educated at private schools in Martinsburg, the Winchester (VA) Academy, and at Georgetown College, before he attended the University of Virginia in sessions 35-36 (1858-1860). He enlisted in the Wise Light Artillery Regiment, CSA, on 15 June 1861, and transferred to the 1st Company, Rockbridge 1st Light Artillery Regiment on 2 July 1862. He then joined the staff of Governor John Letcher of Virginia. He was promoted to full captain on 31 Jan. 1863. Faulkner was wounded at the Battle of First Manassas (First Bull Run) in 1861, was captured at the Battle of the Piedmont (Augusta County, VA) in June 1864, and was imprisoned at Johnson’s Island, Ohio. He was released in June 1865.
Faulkner practiced law in Kentucky for several years after the war, because he would not sign the test oath required by West Virginia in that period. In 1872, he returned to Martinsburg to practice law, and he was elected to the WV House of Delegates in 1876. In 1878, he was elected to the state Senate. He was defeated for the Democratic nomination for Governor of West Virginia in 1884. He was appointed Judge of the 13th Judicial District, and was re-elected three times to that office, serving until he declined to run for election again in 1912.
On 11 Feb. 1868, E. B. Faulkner married Susan Campbell (1842-1918) of Kentucky; the couple had two children, Mary Buckner Faulkner (d. 1966) and Ann Holmes Faulkner (d. 1883). Judge Faulkner died 19 Sept. 1920 (Washington Post, 21 Sept. 1920) and is buried at the Norbourne Parish Cemetery in Berkeley County, WV.
- Ancestry.com. 1920 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Year: 1920;Census Place: Martinsburg Ward 2, Berkeley, West Virginia; Roll: T625_1948; Page: 4B; Enumeration District: 27; Image: 813.
- Atkinson, George Wesley. Bench and bar of West Virginia. Charleston, WV, 1919. Accessed via books.google.com.
- Historical Data Systems, comp. American Civil War Soldiers [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1999.
- Miller, Thomas Condit, and Hu Maxwell. West Virginia and its people. New York, 1913, v. 3. Accessed via books.google.com.
- Snyder, Jane Faulkner Wiltshire, “Boydville and its history.” The Journal (Martinsburg, WV), July 4, 2010. http://www.journal-news.net/page/content.detail/id/539641.html?nav=5004 (Accessed 6/6/2011).
- Special to The Washington Post. “Ex-Judge Faulkner Dies :Was Former Legislator and Son of Ambassador to France.” The Washington Post (1877-1922), September 21, 1920, http://www.proquest.com/ (accessed June 6, 2011).
- Tombstones of the Faulkner family, Norbourne Parish Cemetery, Berkeley Co., WV. Findagrave.com. (Accessed 6/6/2011).