Leroy Hammond Anderson (29 Apr. 1814-3 Oct. 1863), William Henry Anderson (6 May 1820-14 Nov. 1887), and Washington Franklin Anderson (6 Jan. 1823-21 Apr. 1903) were the sons of Leroy Anderson (1770-1837) and his wife Hannah Wright Southgate (1784-1860). The Anderson family moved to Alabama in 1836, where the elder Leroy Anderson died in 1837.
Leroy H. Anderson attended the University of Virginia in sessions 12-13 (1835-1837). Within the next few years, he had opened his medical practice in Sumter Co., AL, and was living in that county with his widowed mother. Anderson maintained this practice for many years, until the beginning of the Civil War. He enlisted in the Confederate army on 9 July 1861, where he served for several months as a surgeon in Company S of the Confederate States Medical Staff Infantry Regiment, then resigned because of his health on 2 Jan. 1862. In the late summer of 1862, he traveled to Aiken, South Carolina to regain his health and married Charlotte Whitsitt in the summer of 1863. He died in Aiken on 3 Oct. 1863. He is buried in Saint Thaddeus Cemetery in Aiken, SC.
William Henry Anderson also became a medical doctor. He graduated from the College of William and Mary in 1841, and from the University of Virginia in session 18 (1841-1842). He spent a year as the resident physician in the Baltimore almshouse, and studied at Bellevue Hospital in New York City. From 1846 to 1849 he studied in Europe. After returning to the U.S., he practiced in Mobile, AL. He helped organize the Medical College of Alabama, and was professor of physiology there until he became the head of the faculty. He participated in the establishment of the Alabama Insane Asylum in Tuscaloosa in 1861. He served in the Confederate army as surgeon of the 21st Regiment, Alabama Infantry, and as medical purveyor of the Western Department, commanded by Gen. Braxton Bragg.
William H. Anderson married Ann Louisa Witherspoon (1832-1891) of North Carolina. Their children were Clara Southgate Anderson and Leroy Hammond Anderson (d. infant). William was president of the Medical Association of the state of Alabama in 1881. He died in 1887, and was buried in Magnolia Cemetery, Mobile, AL, where he rests with his wife.
Washington F. Anderson is described in a separate entry.
- Anderson, Leroy H., “Anderson-Reavis correspondence,” and Rugg, George, “Introduction to the Anderson-Reavis Correspondence,” in Manuscripts of the American Civil War. [database online] University of Notre Dame, Rare Books and Special Collections, c2011. http://www.rarebooks.nd.edu/digital/civil_war/letters/anderson-reavis/ (Accessed 9/14/2011)
- The Confederate War Department [website]. “Organization of the Confederate Armies.” http://www.csawardept.com/history/armies/index.html (Accessed 9/14/2011)
- Historical Data Systems, comp.. U.S. Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2009.
- [Leroy Anderson birthdate.] Edmund West, comp.. Family Data Collection – Births [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001. (Accessed 9/14/2011)
- National Park Service. U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.
- Owen, Thomas McAdory, “History and early members medical,” in History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama biography. Chicago, IL, 2011. http://alabamapioneers.com/index.php/Early-Alabama-Stories/history-and-early-members-medical.html (Accessed 9/14/2011)
- Owen, Thomas McAdory, “William Henry Anderson,” History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama biography. Chicago, IL, 1921, v.3, p. 40. Accessed via books.google.com
- Tombstones of Wm. Henry & Lousia Anderson, Magnolia Cemetery, Mobile, AL, and Leroy H. Anderson, Saint Thaddeus Cemetery, Aiken, SC. Findagrave.com [online database]. Accessed 9/14/2011.