Thomas Bates Anderson, Jr. was the son of Dr. Thomas Bates Anderson (1792-1872) of Rutherglen and Topping Castle in Caroline County, VA, and his wife, Harriett McLaughlin (1798-1845). Anderson Jr. studied at Hollins’ Institute and at Richmond College, then attended the University of Virginia in sessions 26-27 (1849-1851).
Anderson Jr. began his career in business by becoming a partner in a grocery business in Richmond, VA, and continued this business until the start of the Civil War. In April 1861, he enlisted as a private in the Richmond Howitzers of the Confederate army. In May 1862, he was elected first lieutenant in the 47th Virginia Cavalry, where he served until his capture, in May 1864, during an engagement with Sheridan’s cavalry. He was sent to Fort Delaware, where he remained until the end of the war. (Virginian-Pilot)
After the war, Anderson Jr. continued his grocery business for a couple of years, then moved to Norfolk, VA, where he was successful as a notions merchant. He expanded his business activities by building a grist and flour mill in Norfolk, and later, another grist mill in Brambleton. He was active in the community and in the Baptist Church. (Virginian-Pilot)
On 14 Mar. 1871, Anderson Jr. married Lucy C. Toy (1850-9 Apr. 1883) (Virginia Marriages). The couple had four children, Maury Anderson, Lenora L. Anderson, John McLaughlin Anderson, and Lucy Anderson. Only Maury and Lucy survived their father. (Virginian-Pilot)
Thomas B. Anderson Jr. died suddenly on 4 July 1899, and is buried at Elmwood Cemetery in Norfolk, VA.
[N.b. Paul Barringer, in his University of Virginia; its history, influence, equipment, and characteristics. (1904), states in the Appendix to volume 2 that Thos. B. Anderson Jr. was an M.D. and died in Chilesburg [KY?]. This however, seems to be incorrect based on Anderson Jr.’s obituary from the Virginian-Pilot.]
- Ancestry.com. 1850-1880 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.
- “Horace Havelock Anderson,” in Whitney, Carrie Westlake. Kansas City, Missouri: its history and its people, 1808-1908. Chicago, 1908, v.3, p. 395-399.
- “Mr. Thos. B. Anderson.” Virginian-Pilot (Norfolk, VA), 5 July 1899, p. 2.
- National Park Service. U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc., 2007.
- Tombstone of Thomas Bates Anderson Jr. in Elmwood Cemetery, Norfolk, VA. Findagrave.com [database online] (Accessed 12/28/2011).
- [Virginia marriage record, Thomas B. Anderson to Lucy C. Toy.] Virginia Marriages, 1785-1940, Familysearch.org [database online]. Accessed 12/28/2011.
- Wingfield, Marshall, A history of Caroline County, Virginia. Richmond, VA, 1924. Accessed via books.google.com.