Carthon Archer was born in Chesterfield County, VA. He was the son of John Archer IV (1784-1855) and his wife, Elizabeth Chamberlayne Batte. He attended the University of Virginia in session 19 (1842-1843), and graduated from the Medical College of Virginia in Richmond, VA, in 1848. He was nominated to be an assistant surgeon in the U.S. navy in 1850, but declined the appointment. (U.S. Senate. Journal) During the Civil War, he served as a surgeon in the Confederate forces. (Museum of the Confederacy)
Archer married Maria Randolph Willson (1843-1927) of Amelia County, VA, on 20 Oct 1868. The couple had the following children: John Anderson Archer and Harry Field Archer. Dr. Archer served on the Henrico County Board of Supervisors from the Varina District from 1870 to 1875. He died in his home in Henrico Co., VA, on Sept. 30, 1904. Archer and his wife are buried in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, VA.
- “Deaths.” Journal of the American Medical Association, v.43, no.18 (Oct. 29, 1904), p. 1322-24.
- [Dr. Carthon Archer’s medical records of men on the James River submarine batteries.] In Museum of the Confederacy. Eleanor S. Brockenbrough Library. Confederate Navy Collection [finding aid], misc. box 3: vessels files. http://www.docstoc.com/docs/99974064/Confederate-Navy-Collection-Eleanor-S-Brockenbrough-Library-The (Accessed 5/16/12)
- Familysearch.org. 1860-1900 U.S. Census. (Accessed 5/16/12)
- Henrico County Public Library. Notable Henricoans Database. http://www.henricolibrary.org/nhdb/Search2.asp?FS=Display&ID=152 (Accessed 11/25/2011)
- Tombstone of Carthon and Maria Archer, Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, VA. Findagrave.com (Accessed 11/25/2011).
- United States. Senate. Journal of the executive proceedings of the Senate of the United States of America, from December 4, 1848 to August 31, 1852, inclusive. v. 8. Washington, D. C., 1887.