Boswell P. Anderson was born in Albemarle County, Virginia, the son of Richard G. (b. ca. 1805) and Susan A. Anderson (b. ca. 1815). He enlisted in the Confederate Army in 1863, at the age of 16, and served as a private in Company D of the 43rd Virginia Cavalry, under the command of Col. John S. Mosby.
Anderson attended the University of Virginia in sessions 43-44 (1866-1868), and then attended the Washington Medical School in Baltimore, MD, where he graduated in 1869. In 1872 he settled in Colorado Springs, CO, where he became the Chief Surgeon and Physician to the Colorado State School for the Deaf and Blind. He opened the Colorado Midland Railway Clinic for railroad workers in Colorado Springs, and held the position of Chief Surgeon, and later that of Consulting Surgeon, of the Colorado Midland Railroad. The Railway Clinic led to the founding of St. Francis Hospital, which he served as President, and he also founded the Glockner Sanitarium, at which he was Surgeon in Charge. He was considered one of the foremost lung specialists of the time. He also served on the School Board of El Paso County, CO, and was active in the Colorado State Medical Society and the American Medical Association, among others. (Barringer)
On 2 Jan. 1879, Dr. Anderson married Sarah Jane Durkee (1856-1940) of St. Louis, Missouri, and the couple had six children: Laura Barclay, Margaret Preston, and Eleanor Anderson, who survived to adulthood, and Boswell Preston Jr., Ethel, and Preston Durkee Anderson, who died young. Boswell P. Anderson died of angina pectoris at the age of 72, and is buried with his wife and three of his children, at Evergreen Cemetery in Colorado Springs, CO.
[N.b. Dr. Anderson’s tombstone gives the birthdate 13 Aug. 1845. All other references give the date 1847. — JLC]
- 1850-1910 U. S. Census. Familysearch.org (Accessed 6/3/12).
- Anderson tombstones, Evergreen Cemetery, Colorado Springs, CO. Findagrave.com (accessed 6/4/12).
- Barringer, Paul. University of Virginia: its history, influence, equipment, and characteristics. New York, 1904, v. 1, p. 471-472.
- “Boswell P. Anderson,” Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association, v. 35 (1919), p. xxxiii.
- Colorado Division of the Sons of Confederate Veterans. Prominent Colorado Confederate Veterans. [webpage] <http://www.coloradoscv.org/veterans/Prominent%20Colorado%20Confederate%20Veteran.htm> (Accessed 6/3/12).
- “The Origin of St. Francis Hospital, Colorado Springs,” in the Colorado Healthcare Heritage Project. [website]. c2012. <http://www.coloradohealthcareheritage.org/hospitals-st-francis-colorado-springs.html> (Accessed 6/3/12).
- Stone, Wilbur Fiske. History of Colorado. Chicago, 1918. v. 2, p. 537-538. <http://www.ebooksread.com/authors-eng/wilbur-fiske-stone/history-of-colorado-volume-2-not/page-79-history-of-colorado-volume-2-not.shtml> (Accessed 6/3/12).
- Williamson, James Joseph. Mosby’s Rangers. 2nd ed, rev. and enl. New York, 1909, p. 537.