Adolphus Anderson was the son of George Anderson and his wife, Amelia “Millie” Smith of Laurens District, South Carolina. He attended the University of Virginia in sessions 29-30 (1852-1854). Before the Civil War, Adolphus Anderson settled in Sevier, AR, and married Martha Adelia Coulter (b. ca. 1843) on 13 Mar. 1861. When the Civil War broke out, he returned to South Carolina where he enlisted in Company A of the 2nd South Carolina State Troops. He settled near Hope, Arkansas after the war, and worked as a surveyor. In the 1880 U.S. Census, his occupation is given as “druggist.”
He and his wife had five children, only three of whom survived to adulthood: George Adolphus, Lula Belle (d. young), Ford (d. young), Effie Iola, and Carrie A. Anderson. Effie Anderson moved to Arizona as a young woman, and married A. Y. Smith. Effie became a painter of landscapes and nature, and was especially well-known for her paintings of the Grand Canyon.
- Carlson, Steven. Effie Anderson Smith, 1869-1955: Arizona’s Pioneer Painter. [website] <http://effieandersonsmith.com/web/bio.aspx> (accessed 6/22/2012).
- Goodlett, Mildred Wilson. Waterloo; a history of the Anderson family of old Laurens District of South Carolina. Greenville, SC, 1961, p. 201-202.
- “United States Census, 1850,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M8QJ-62D : accessed 23 June 2012), Adolphus Anderson in household of George Anderson, Laurens county, Laurens, South Carolina, United States.
- “United States Census, 1860,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M871-W6R : accessed 23 June 2012), Adolphus Anderson, , Sevier, Arkansas.
- “United States Census, 1870,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MNCX-5C1 : accessed 23 June 2012), Adolph Anderson in household of Adolph Anderson, Arkansas, United States.
- “United States Census, 1880,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MNWW-PJ3 : accessed 23 June 2012), A. Anderson, Hope, Hempstead, Arkansas.