James R. Anthony was born in Wilkes County, Georgia, the son of Micajah Tate Anthony (1793-1844) and Mary (Rembert) Dubose (1799-1859). (Hill) Mary Dubose’s sister was Julia Dubose, who married Robert A. Toombs, the first Secretary of State of the Confederacy, a brigadier general in the Confederate army, and also a U.Va. graduate.
J. R. Anthony was educated by private tutors, and attended the University of Virginia in session 37 (1860-1861). Immediately after his first year at U.Va., Anthony enlisted in Company A of the 9th Georgia Infantry Regiment. On 5 Sep. 1861, he was discharged for promotion, and received a commission as a 2nd lieutenant in Company L, 1st Georgia Regulars Infantry Regiment. He fought in the First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run) and was severely wounded near Richmond in a battle near Mrs. Price’s Farm (late June 1862).When recovered, he was sent to Savannah and then to Florida where he participated in the Battle of Olustee and other actions near Lake City, FL. He received promotions to 1st lieutenant (1862) and captain (1865). His obituary in the Palm Beach Post states that he had received a promotion to major for the last six months of the war, but never received the official papers. He surrendered with his unit with the army of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston in North Carolina in 1865. (Palm Beach Post; Moore)
Immediately after the surrender, he accompanied Secretary Toombs for two weeks on his ride to escape the Union forces. Anthony later transported Julia Dubose Toombs to Havana, Cuba, where she met her husband, and the couple sailed to Europe for sanctuary.
On 2 June 1869, J. R. Anthony married Abigail Davis Pope (1849-1939) in Dougherty Co., GA. Her name is sometimes given as Abijah, but the census lists her as Abby, Abbie, and Abigail as does her death certificate. The couple had several children, James Rembert Jr., Henry J., Augustus P., Lelia D, Emile D., and Roscoe Tate Anthony. Henry and Lelia predeceased their father. (Dodd; Sons of the American Revolution Membership Application; U.S. Census)
After the Civil War, Anthony began a career in education, teaching first in Georgia at Elberton, Washington, Valdosta, and Atlanta, among other places. In 1895, he moved to Florida and became principal of Titusville High School. Two years later he moved to West Palm Beach and remained there the rest of his life. He served on the original Dade County School Board with distinction.
Anthony died at his son’s home in Jacksonville, Florida, and was buried in Evergreen Cemetery there.
[Note: James R. Anthony’s birth date is from Sons of the American Revolution Membership Application, and his death date is from the death certificate. — JLC]
- Ancestry.com. 1850-1910 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc.
- Anthony tombstones, Evergreen Cemetery, Jacksonville, FL. Findagrave.com.
- “Death of Major Anthony.” East Coast Advocate (Titusville, FL) 13 Dec. 1918.
- Dodd, Jordan, Liahona Research, comp. Georgia Marriages, 1851-1900 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000.
- “Florida, Death Index, 1877-1998,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VVXN-GK8 : accessed 29 Dec 2012), James Rembert Anthony, 1918.
- “Florida, Death Index, 1877-1998,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VV92-ZGC : accessed 29 Dec 2012), Abbie Davis Pope Anthony, 1939.
- Hill, Gerry, [Memorandum on Micajah Tate Anthony record, 26 Nov. 2006], in Tychonievich/Herman Families (Updated 16 Aug. 2007). http://awt.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=herty&id=I194
- Historical Data Systems, comp.. American Civil War Soldiers [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1999.
- “Major J. R. Anthony dies in Jacksonville.” The Palm Beach Post, 6 Dec. 1918, p. 1, in Wilkes County, Georgia – History and Genealogy. [website] http://www.giddeon.com/wilkes/newspapers/obit-anthony-jr.shtml
- Moore, Frank. Rebellion record; a diary of American events. New York, 1866, v.9, p. 509.
- “Record for Roscoe Tate Anthony,” Volume: 282; SAR Membership Number: 56263, in Ancestry.com. U.S., Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.