Archer Family of Powhatan County, Virginia

Peter Jefferson Archer (1798-4 May 1871) was the son of Edward P. Archer and Mary Jefferson Bolling, daughter of Col. John Bolling and Mary Jefferson, Thomas Jefferson’s older sister. (Daily State Journal 6 May 1871) Peter J. Archer married his first wife—Martha Woodson Michaux (1801-1847)—in 1825, and they had several children. Of these children, three sons attended the University of Virginia. (Bond; Harrison)

John Walthall Archer (11 Mar. 1827-9 Mar. 1852) attended the University of Virginia in session 25 (1848-1849). He died in Richmond of typhoid fever “in the 25th year of his age.”

Edward Cunningham Archer (4 Aug. 1829-5 Dec. 1891) first attended Virginia Military Institute (VMI) in the class of 1853, then attended the University of Virginia in session 29 (1852-1853). He married Caroline Wooldridge (1836-1906) and had the following children: Elizabeth Temple, Emily Fowler, Robert Temple, Edward C. (d. young), Mary Bolling, John Walthall, William Wooldridge, and Jane Stanard Archer. He was a physician by profession. In the Civil War, Dr. Archer served in Capt. Willis J. Dance’s Company of the 1st Virginia Artillery, later called the Powhatan Artillery. He enlisted in August 1862, was captured at Gettysburg in July 1863, and was exchanged and paroled in March 1864. After the war he practiced as a physician in Huguenot Springs, Chesterfield County, VA. He and his wife are buried in Manakin Cemetery in Powhatan County.

Jacob Michaux Archer (22 Dec. 1832-12 Oct. 1901) attended the University in session 28 (1851-1852). In the Civil War he served as a private, then was elected 2nd lieutenant in Company B of the 7th Virginia Cavalry (Ashby’s Cavalry). He was captured at Harrisonburg, VA in June 1862 and exchanged in Aug. 1862. He was wounded in Aug. 1864. There is no mention of him in the Confederate records after Jan. 1865.

Jacob Archer’s personal history is harder to follow. According to information from the U.S. Census, it is possible he married twice, first to Mary (“Mariah”) Louisa Smith (b. ca. 1835) of Mississippi. They had one daughter, Sallie Walthall Archer. Jacob worked as a teacher in Memphis, Alabama in 1860. From the 1870 census to the 1900 census, Jacob appears to have married a woman who is listed as “A. J. Archer” (b. ca. 1842) from Mississippi. In 1880, the census shows the family with a daughter, M. M. Archer, and a son, J. M. Archer, all living in Lowndes County, Mississippi. Jacob Archer and his wife, A. J., were living in Memphis, AL when the 1900 census was taken. I have been unable to locate where he was buried.

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