John A. Adams was the son of John Adams (1776-1837) and his wife, Mary “Polly” Smith (b. ca. 1775-1839), both of whom are buried in Muskingum Presbyterian Cemetery, Nashport, Ohio. John A. Adams, the son, attended the University of Virginia in session 13 (1836-1837), where he studied Chemistry, Medicine, and Anatomy and Surgery. His guardian while at U.Va. was Turners Adams, of Oak Hill, Fauquier County, VA, possibly his uncle. After his year at U.Va., he is said to have attended the University of Pennsylvania, although I can find no evidence of his attendance in the Catalogue of the Alumni of the Medical Department of the University of Pennsylvania, 1765-1877.
Dr. Adams established his practice at Turners, in Fauquier County. (Originally called Piedmont Station, its name was changed in 1874 to Delaplane.) In the 1850 U.S. Census, his profession is given as Physician. He married Mary E. Barbee (1826-1881) on 10 Feb. 1840 in Fauquier County. They had several children, among them: Mary L., Virginia J., Anna C., Rebecca Agnes, Ida D., Lillie, and Claudia. By the Census of 1880, the Adamses are living in Amissville, in Rappahannock County, Virginia, where Mrs. Adams is described as “paralyzed.”
On 24 April 1861, Dr. Adams enlisted in H Company of the 6th Cavalry (Virginia) as a captain. In a hearing regarding “Capt. Adams’ qualifications and his fitness for promotion,” held on Aug. 18, 1862, Robert Galt, Surgeon of the 6th Cavalry testified that Adams suffered from dropsy, resulting from heart disease. At this hearing, Col. Thomas S. Flournoy testified that “Capt. Adams is physically incapable of discharging his duties as an officer.” Capt. Adams resigned his position on Sep 19 1862. (“Dr. John A. Adams.” Compiled service record)
Dr. Adams and his wife Mary are buried in Cool Spring Methodist Church Cemetery, Delaplane, Fauquier Co., VA.
[Note: John A. Adams’ birth date is taken from the U.Va. Matriculation Books; the birth date on his tombstone is 1 Aug. 1819. His death date is from his tombstone.—JLC]
- Adams tombstones, Cool Spring Methodist Church Cemetery, Delaplane, Fauquier Co., VA, and Muskingum Presbyterian Cemetery, Nashport, OH. Findagrave.com.
- Alumni of the Medical Department, University of Pennsylvania. Catalogue of the Alumni of the Medical Department of the University of Pennsylvania, 1765-1877. Philadelphia, PA, 1877.
- Ancestry.com. 1850-1880 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.
- Ancestry.com. Virginia, Marriages, 1740-1850 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1999.
- “Delaplane Historic District, Fauquier County, Virginia, VDHR #030-0002.” 12/23/2003. http://www.dhr.virginia.gov/registers/Counties/Fauquier/030-0002_Delaplane_HD_2004_Final_Nomination.pdf
- “Dr. John A. Adams.” Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Virginia. M324. Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations , compiled 1903-1927, documenting the period 1861-1865, Record group 109.
- Jones, Sue Annabrooke. “Gibbons Family Tree.” [database online] http://www.genspirit.com/gibbons.htm
- National Park Service. U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.
- Schele de Vere, Maximilian. Students of the University of Virginia; a semi-centennial catalogue. Baltimore, MD, 1878.