Jabin Baldwin Alexander, Jr. (4 Feb. 1853-9 Dec. 1882)

Jabin Baldwin Alexander, Jr., was born in Newbern, Virginia. He was the son of Jabin Baldwin Alexander (1821-1904), a farmer and merchant as well as a state legislator, and his wife, Virginia Hance (1813-1881). [Note: Alexander Senior was called “John B. Alexander” in the 1850 U.S. Census.—JLC]

Jabin B. Alexander Jr. received an appointment to the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, MD, but refused to take the test-oath. Also called the “iron-clad” oath, it was required of all federal employees, lawyers, and elected officials, and apparently, military officers and cadets. Impressed by Alexander’s reasoning, “Senator Johnson took the matter in hand and tried to have the youth admitted upon taking the proper constitutional oath. The law on the subject is imperative, and the Secretary of the Navy to-day informed Senator Johnson that Alexander could not be admitted to the academy as a cadet unless he subscribed to the iron-clad oath.” (“Appointment of a Cadet”) It is unclear whether the requirement was waived in Alexander’s case, or if he attended the Naval Academy.

Daily Dispatch (Richmond, VA)
27 June 1870
From VirginiaChronicle.com
Sponsored by the Library of Virginia

Here is the oath as passed by the 37th Congress in 1862:

I, A. B., do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I have never voluntarily borne arms against the United States since I have been a citizen thereof; that I have voluntarily given no aid, countenance, counsel, or encouragement to persons engaged in armed hostility thereto; that I have neither sought nor accepted nor attempted to exercise the functions of any office whatever, under any authority or pretended authority in hostility to the United States; that I have not yielded a voluntary support to any pretended government, authority, power or constitution within the United States, hostile or inimical thereto. And I do further swear (or affirm) that, to the best of my knowledge and ability, I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States, against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion, and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter, so help me God. (An Act to Prescribe an Oath of Office and for Other Purposes, p.502-503.)

Alexander attended the University of Virginia in sessions 48-49 (1871-1873), where he studied law.

In the 1880 U.S. Census, Alexander Jr. was married to Lillie A. Hance (b. ca. 1860), and had a daughter, Lilly M. Alexander, born 31 March 1880. The family was living with Mrs. Alexander’s parents in St. Louis, Missouri, and Alexander was employed as a carpenter.

Jabin B. Alexander Jr. died in December 1882, and was buried in the Alexander Cemetery in Pulaski County, VA. (Findagrave.com)

References:

  • Appointment of a cadet—he refuses to take the test-oath.” Richmond dispatch. (Richmond, Va.), 27 June 1870. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
  • Alexander tombstones, Alexander Cemetery, Pulaski County, VA. Findagrave.com (viewed 10-12-2013).
  • Schele de Vere, Maximilian. Students of the University of Virginia; a semi-centennial catalogue. Baltimore, MD, 1878.
  • “Telegraph News,” Alexandria Gazette, 1 April 1870, p.1.
  • “United States Census, 1850,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M8D2-39B : accessed 9 April 2016), Michael Alexander in household of John B Alexander, Pulaski county, part of, Pulaski, Virginia, United States; citing family 60, NARA microfilm publication M432 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • “United States Census, 1860,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M41Y-4K6 : accessed 9 April 2016), Michael Alexander in entry for Jabin B Alexander, 1860.
  • “United States Census, 1870,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MFG7-5N8 : accessed 9 April 2016), Jabin B Alexander in household of John B Alexander, Virginia, United States; citing p. 5, family 25, NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 553,173.
  • “United States Census, 1880,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M6FR-C7R : accessed 22 March 2015), J B Alexander, St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, United States; citing enumeration district , sheet , NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll ; FHL microfilm .
  • “United States Census, 1880,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M6NH-TKV : accessed 22 March 2015), J B Alexander, St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, United States; citing enumeration district , sheet , NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll ; FHL microfilm .
  • “United States Census, 1880,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M6FR-C75 : accessed 22 March 2015), Lilla Alx Hanze in household of William Hanze, St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, United States; citing enumeration district , sheet , NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll ; FHL microfilm.
  • United States. Congress. Public Acts of the Thirty-Seventh Congress of the United States, second session. Chapter 128. An Act to prescribe an Oath of Office, and for other Purposes. July 2, 1862, p. 502-503..
  • “Virginia Births and Christenings, 1584-1917,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X5XH-132 : 5 December 2014), Lillie Alexander, 31 Mar 1880; citing Pulaski, Virginia, reference 121; FHL microfilm 2,046,959.
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