William Cabell Alexander (5 Sep. 1848-25 Mar. 1937)

William C. Alexander was the son of James Waddel Alexander (1804-1859), a Presbyterian minister, and his wife, Elizabeth Clarentine Cabell (1809-1885), a great-granddaughter of the original William Cabell of Nelson County, Va. Though the residence of his guardian while at the University of Virginia was in Charlotte Court House, Virginia, William Alexander was born in New York, and spent most of his life there. During the Civil War, young Alexander and his mother lived in England.

He attended the University of Virginia in sessions 43-45 (1866-1869). While at U.Va., Alexander became one of the founding members of Alpha Chapter of Pi Kappa fraternity. (The others were Frederick Southgate Taylor, Littleton Waller Tazewell, James Benjamin Sclater, Jr., Julian Edward Wood, and Robertson Howard.) Soon after he left U.Va. he was offered a temporary position with the Equitable Life Assurance Society, of which his uncle, William C. Alexander, was the president. He accepted the job, and worked for the company for sixty-five years, and eventually became the company’s Secretary.

On 10 Nov. 1887, Alexander married Frances Gordon Paddock (d. 1931) in Manhattan. In 1888, the couple had their only child, Frances Gordon Alexander. The family lived in New York City throughout their lives. William Alexander died in his eighty-ninth year, and was buried in the Alexander Family plot in Princeton Cemetery, Princeton, New Jersey.

References:

  • The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, “Pedigree Resource File,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/2:2:3ZG6-VQ5 : accessed 2017-07-13), entry for William Cabell /Alexander/.
  • “Deaths.” New York Times, Mar 28, 1937; ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The New York Times, p. 41.
  • “New York, New York City Births, 1846-1909,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2W36-112 : 20 March 2015), Frances G. Paddock Alexander in entry for Unknown Alexander, 02 Oct 1888; citing Manhattan, New York, New York, United States, reference cn 27261 New York Municipal Archives, New York; FHL microfilm 1,323,482.
  • “New York, New York City Marriage Records, 1829-1940,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:243H-MKP : 20 March 2015), William Alexander and Frances Paddock, 10 Nov 1887; citing Marriage, Manhattan, New York, New York, United States, New York City Municipal Archives, New York; FHL microfilm 1,571,010.
  • “New York, New York City Marriage Records, 1829-1940,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:24Z8-NB2 : 20 March 2015), Allen Gouverneur Wellman and Francis Gordon Alexander, 21 Nov 1910; citing Marriage, Manhattan, New York, New York, United States, New York City Municipal Archives, New York; FHL microfilm 1,503,871.
  • Tombstone of William Alexander, Princeton Cemetery, Princeton, NJ. Findagrave.com
  • University of Virginia Alumni Association. Directory of living alumni of the University of Virginia. Centennial Edition. Charlottesville, VA, 1921, p. 13.
Advertisements
Posted in A | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Richard William Bushnell (19 Jan. 1819-13 Oct. 1858)

Richard William Bushnell was the eldest of the several children of William Bushnell of Connecticut (1787-1845), and his wife, Mary “Polly” Harnsberger (1788-1851). The couple settled in Rockingham County, Virginia. In his three sessions at the University of Virginia–sessions 13-15 (1836-1839)—R. W. Bushnell studied Ancient and Modern Languages, Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, and Chemistry, and graduated with “considerable distinction.” (Jeffersonian Republican, 7 Oct. 1858) He became a teacher, and worked primarily in Richmond, Va. For a period of time, he was employed as the assistant principal at the Rugby Academy in Washington, D.C. (Daily American telegraph, 8 Oct. 1852)

Cooper’s Clarksburg Register reprinted the story of his last days from the Staunton Spectator:

On Thursday afternoon last Mr. Richard W. Bushnell of Washington, arrived at this place [Staunton, Va.] and took lodgings at the American Hotel. During the afternoon he had an interview with Doctor Stribling, the superintendent of the Western Lunatic Asylum, in which he stated that his object in coming to Staunton was to place himself under the Doctor’s care; that mysterious influences were surrounding him, his food and drinks having been drugged wherever he stopped. He gave unmistakable evidences of a deranged intellect, and made an appointment to meet Dr. Stribling the next morning when he proposed to enter into details in regard to the condition of his health, and expressed the hope that the seclusion of the asylum and the medical treatment of Dr. Stribling would afford him relief.

On Friday morning [1 Oct. 1858], about 5 o’clock a boarder who occupied the room adjoining Mr. Bushnell’s heard the report of a pistol. Information was immediately given to the proprietor of the hotel, who forced open the door, and found Mr. Bushnell lying on the floor, shot in the head, bleeding quite profusely, and a portion of his brains, scattered on the floor. The ball had entered a little above and behind the right ear and lodged somewhere in the front part of the head. A five shooter was lying on the floor beside him. Upon inquiry he was found to be conscious.

It was supposed that he would not live during the day, but marvellous to say, he is still alive, with a good pulse and no fever; and states that he feels pretty well with the exception of a headache. Physicians, however, entertain no hope for his recovery. He has admitted that he shot himself and expressed regrets, but stated that the impulse was “one of those involuntary passages of electricity which it was impossible to resist.”

He is a native of Rockingham county, unmarried, and probably forty years of age. He graduated from the University of Virginia some eighteen or twenty years ago with great distinction. (Cooper’s Clarksburg Register, 15 Oct. 1858)

Bushnell died on 13 Oct. 1858, 12 days after he shot himself.

[Note: Bushnell’s date of birth is from the U.Va. Matriculation Books.]

References:

  • Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, Va.), 4 Oct. 1858, p.3.
  • Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, Va.), 7 Oct. 1858, p.3.
  • Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, Va.), 18 Oct. 1858, p.3.
  • Daily American telegraph (Washington, D.C.), 8 Oct. 1852, p.3.
  • Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Va.), 4 Oct. 1858, p.2.
  • Evening star (Washington, D.C.) 5 Oct. 1858, p.2.
  • Jeffersonian Republican (Charlottesville, Va.), 7 Oct. 1858, p.2.
  • Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Va.), 19 Oct. 1858, p.2.
  • “The Staunton Suicide.” Cooper’s Clarksburg Register  (Clarksburg, Va. (now W. Va.)), 15 Oct. 1858, page 2.
  • University of Virginia Matriculation Books, 1825-1904, Accession #RG-14/4/2.041, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
  • The Washington union (Washington, D.C.), 5 Oct. 1858, p.3.

 

Posted in B | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Hamner Family

Those of us of a certain age (!) remember The Waltons television show from the 1970s. The characters on the show were modeled on the Hamner family of Schuyler, Virginia. “The Homecoming,” the original story on which the show was based, was written by Earl Hamner, Jr., the eldest son of the family, who died on March 24, 2017. This essay is written in memory of Mr. Hamner. — JLC

Five individuals from the Hamner family attended the University of Virginia in its first fifty years.

In session 6 (1829-1830), Austin M. Hamner (28 Jul. 1806-23 Sept. 1849[1]) attended the University, studying Chemistry & Mathematics, Medicine, and Anatomy & Surgery.  Austin was the son of William Hamner (ca. 1770-1831) of Albemarle County, and his wife, Elizabeth Bradley (b.1789). Sometime about 1840, Dr. Austin M. Hamner and his brother Samuel settled in Maury County, Tennessee. (History of Tennessee, p. 757) Dr. Hamner married Ann Eliza (Anthony) Whittle (1821-1860), and they had at least one daughter. In 1849, Dr. Hamner died in Columbia, Tennessee, and is buried in Todd Cemetery, in Maury County, TN.

Thomas L. Hamner (10 Mar. 1806-3 Aug. 1854) was the son of Thomas L. Hamner of Charlotte County, Virginia. He attended the University of Virginia in session 6 (1829-1830), where he studied Ancient Languages and Natural Philosophy. At one point that year Thomas Hamner the younger was in danger of being sent home for not attending his Ancient Language classes. However, at a meeting of the Faculty, a misunderstanding was cleared up:

Upon reconsideration of the case of Mr. Thomas L. Hamner, it appearing from the statement of the Professor of Ancient Languages, that an important error had been committed in the report of the number of times Mr. Hamner was absent during the month; and his general character and department being favourably represented to the Faculty. Resolved, that the resolution of the Faculty adopted with respect to him at the last meeting be rescinded. (Minutes of the Faculty, p. 563-564)

After his year at U.Va. , Thomas attended Jackson Male Academy (now Union University), in Jackson, Tennessee, in 1830, though he did not graduate. (Raymond) He became a clergyman in the Presbyterian Church, and served as the church’s General Agent of the American Sunday School Union. His home and headquarters were in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The 1850 U.S. Census shows him in the household with his wife, Harriet, and three children, Thomas L. Hamner, Jr., Mary Hamner, and William Hamner.

Rev. Thomas L. Hamner died suddenly at his home in 1854. (Daily national era. (Washington, D.C.), 04 Aug. 1854; Baltimore Sun (Baltimore, MD), 7 Aug. 1854)

Wyatt Wingfield Hamner (16 Oct 1818-18 Aug. 1869) was a son of Charles Wingfield Hamner of Albemarle County, VA, and his wife, Sally Allen Chambers (b.1792). (History of Union County, KY) He attended the University of Virginia in sessions 16-17 (1840-1842), where he studied Chemistry, Medicine, and Anatomy & Surgery. Dr. Wyatt Hamner began the practice of medicine in Appomattox County, Virginia.

He married Jane Margaret Bramham (1818-1899) on 11 Nov. 1840, (Vogt & Keithley) and the couple had several children, including William Palmer, Nimrod Bramham, Edward C., Cornelius Wyatt, Marshall D., Charles R., Wyatt James, and Sally A. Hamner. During the Civil War, Dr. Wyatt W. Hamner served the Confederacy as a surgeon. In 1869, he died at Lynchburg, Virginia, and is buried there at Spring Hill Cemetery.

William Palmer Hamner (20 Dec. 1841-28 Jun. 1920) and Nimrod Bramham Hamner (14 Aug 1844-14 Sep. 1862) were two sons of Wyatt Wingfield Hamner (above), and his wife, Jane Margaret Bramham. William Palmer attended the University of Virginia in sessions 35-36 (1858-1860); Nimrod attended in sessions 35-38 (1858-1862).

When the Civil War began, William Palmer Hamner enlisted in May 1861, in Company B, 19th Virginia Infantry. After the battle of Seven Pines near Richmond in 1862, there were many advertisements in the Richmond newspapers, begging for information about their missing loved ones. The Daily Dispatch of 5 June 1862 included the following:

ad1862
[Advertisement.] Daily Dispatch (Richmond, VA), 5 June 1862, p. 3.

Luckily, William had only been taken prisoner at the battle of Seven Pines on June first. In his POW record, William P. Hamner is described as “age 20, 5 feet, 6 inches, brown hair, blue eyes, fair complexion.” (service jacket) By the Battle of Gettysburg, in July 1863, William had been paroled or escaped, for he was listed as wounded in that battle. He was elected to 2nd Lieutenant and put on conscript duty starting in September 1863, continuing in that duty until at least September 1864. His highest rank in the army was 1st Lieutenant. William was captured at Sailor’s Creek on April 6, 1865, and sent to Johnson’s Island as a prisoner of war. He was released “on oath” 18 June, 1865.

In the 1870 census, William and his wife, Nancy (b. ca. 1858), were located in Kentucky, and he was employed as a schoolteacher. According to the censuses, William and Nancy had at least three children, Louis E. Hamner, Sallie L. Hamner, and Ben Hamner. In the 1910 census, William and Nancy were living with their son Ben, still in Kentucky, but in 1920, they were living in Blytheville, Arkansas, with Louis. William Palmer Hamner died in 1920, and was buried in Maple Grove Cemetery, in Blytheville, Arkansas.

Nimrod B. Hamner, called ‘B’ by his family, joined the University Volunteers in the spring of 1861, and in July 1861, the company set out for the Kanawha Valley (now WV) with the Wise Legion. Later that month, he returned to the University and took his examination in Senior Mathematics. (Johnson)

While in the Volunteers, ‘B’ had met a distant cousin named Benjamin Hamner, and they had become fast friends. Benjamin had joined Company B, 19th Virginia Infantry Regiment, and was killed in the Battle of Williamsburg. On June 3, 1862, “B” enlisted in his brother’s unit and the unit of his friend Benjamin, Company B of the 19th Virginia, saying “Pa, I must go into the service. Ben has fallen and his place is vacant. I will take his place and avenge his fall.” (Johnson, p. 278)

Nimrod B. Hamner, age 17, served with his unit during battles from Richmond to Boonsboro, Maryland. After the battle at Boonsboro, he was not to be found. His brother William wrote home that he had been unable to hear anything definite about his brother.  Nothing further was heard until one of ‘B’s classmates sent his parents a message, that he “had met ‘B’ in the thickest of the fight at Boonsboro. He seemed very glad to see him [the classmate], but said he had no time to talk then. Just as they separated, [‘B’] was struck by a shell and killed instantly.” His body was not found, and he had no formal burial. (Johnson, p. 279)

[1] Austin M. Hamner’s tombstone has the death date of 21 Sep. 1849 (Findagrave.com). The date 23 Sep. 1849 is calculated from the obituary printed in the 12 Oct. 1849 issue of Western Weekly Review (Franklin, TN) (transcribed 2004 by Jonathan Kennon Thompson Smith, http://www.tngenweb.org/records/williamson/obits/wwr/wwr2-01.htm.).

References:

  • 1850-1920 U.S. Federal Census. FamilySearch.org
  • [Advertisement.] Daily Dispatch (Richmond, VA), 5 June 1862, p. 3.
  • Barringer, Paul. University of Virginia; its history, influence, equipment, and characteristics. v.2. New York, 1904, p. 29.
  • [Death Notices.] Western Weekly Review (Franklin, TN), 12 Oct. 1849; transcribed 2004 by Jonathan Kennon Thompson Smith, http://www.tngenweb.org/records/williamson/obits/wwr/wwr2-01.htm.
  • Daily national era. (Washington, D.C.), 04 Aug. 1854. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86053546/1854-08-04/ed-1/seq-2/
  • Goodman, Roger, Albemarle County, Virginia – Working Research [database online] (2017) http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=SRCH&db=albemarle-va&surname=A
  • Hamner tombstones, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Arkansas. Findagrave.com
  • History of Tennessee. Nashville, TN, 1886, p. 757.
  • [Letter to the Editor, and enclosures] Richmond Enquirer (VA), 8 May 1849, p.4.
  • “N. B. Hamner,” in Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations, compiled 1903-1927, documenting the period 1861-1865, in Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of VirginiaRecord Group 109, M324, Roll 621.
  • “Nimrod Branham Hamner,” in Johnson, John Lipscomb, University Memorial of Alumni of the University of Virginia who fell in the Confederate War. Baltimore, 1871, p. 275-279.
  • [Obituary, T. L. Hamner], Baltimore Sun (Baltimore, MD), 7 Aug. 1854, p. 2.
  • Raymond, Andrew Van Vranken, Union University: its history, influence, characteristics and equipment. New York, 1907, v.3 p. 66.
  • University of Virginia Matriculation Books, 1825-1904, Accession #RG-14/4/2.041, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
  • University of Virginia. Minutes of the Faculty of the University of Virginia, v. 1-2, 12 April 1825-16 July 1830, p. 561, 563-564.
  • “Virginia Births and Christenings, 1584-1917,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X56R-265 : 5 December 2014), Wyatt W Hamner in entry for Sally A Hamner, 09 Jul 1862; citing Albermarle, Virginia, United States, reference item 1 p 151; FHL microfilm 2,046,908.
  • “Virginia Births and Christenings, 1584-1917,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X5F9-9J2 : 5 December 2014), Wyatt W Hamner in entry for Marshall H Hamner, 20 May 1856; citing Appomattox, Virginia, United States, reference p 30; FHL microfilm 2,046,912.
  • Vogt, John & Keithley, T. William, Jr., Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1780-1853. Athens, GA, 1991, v. 1, page 148.
  • “W. P. Hamner,” in Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations, compiled 1903-1927, documenting the period 1861-1865, in Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of VirginiaRecord Group 109, M324, Roll 621.
  • “William Clopton Hamner,” in History of Union County, Kentucky. Evansville, IN, 1886, p. 539-540.
  • Woods, Edgar, Albemarle County in Virginia. Harrisonburg, VA, 1901, p. 214-215.
Posted in H | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Jabin Baldwin Alexander, Jr. (4 Feb. 1853-9 Dec. 1882)

Jabin Baldwin Alexander, Jr., was born in Newbern, Virginia. He was the son of Jabin Baldwin Alexander (1821-1904), a farmer and merchant as well as a state legislator, and his wife, Virginia Hance (1813-1881). [Note: Alexander Senior was called “John B. Alexander” in the 1850 U.S. Census.—JLC]

Jabin B. Alexander Jr. received an appointment to the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, MD, but refused to take the test-oath. Also called the “iron-clad” oath, it was required of all federal employees, lawyers, and elected officials, and apparently, military officers and cadets. Impressed by Alexander’s reasoning, “Senator Johnson took the matter in hand and tried to have the youth admitted upon taking the proper constitutional oath. The law on the subject is imperative, and the Secretary of the Navy to-day informed Senator Johnson that Alexander could not be admitted to the academy as a cadet unless he subscribed to the iron-clad oath.” (“Appointment of a Cadet”) It is unclear whether the requirement was waived in Alexander’s case, or if he attended the Naval Academy.

Daily Dispatch (Richmond, VA)
27 June 1870
From VirginiaChronicle.com
Sponsored by the Library of Virginia

Here is the oath as passed by the 37th Congress in 1862:

I, A. B., do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I have never voluntarily borne arms against the United States since I have been a citizen thereof; that I have voluntarily given no aid, countenance, counsel, or encouragement to persons engaged in armed hostility thereto; that I have neither sought nor accepted nor attempted to exercise the functions of any office whatever, under any authority or pretended authority in hostility to the United States; that I have not yielded a voluntary support to any pretended government, authority, power or constitution within the United States, hostile or inimical thereto. And I do further swear (or affirm) that, to the best of my knowledge and ability, I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States, against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion, and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter, so help me God. (An Act to Prescribe an Oath of Office and for Other Purposes, p.502-503.)

Alexander attended the University of Virginia in sessions 48-49 (1871-1873), where he studied law.

In the 1880 U.S. Census, Alexander Jr. was married to Lillie A. Hance (b. ca. 1860), and had a daughter, Lilly M. Alexander, born 31 March 1880. The family was living with Mrs. Alexander’s parents in St. Louis, Missouri, and Alexander was employed as a carpenter.

Jabin B. Alexander Jr. died in December 1882, and was buried in the Alexander Cemetery in Pulaski County, VA. (Findagrave.com)

References:

  • Appointment of a cadet—he refuses to take the test-oath.” Richmond dispatch. (Richmond, Va.), 27 June 1870. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
  • Alexander tombstones, Alexander Cemetery, Pulaski County, VA. Findagrave.com (viewed 10-12-2013).
  • Schele de Vere, Maximilian. Students of the University of Virginia; a semi-centennial catalogue. Baltimore, MD, 1878.
  • “Telegraph News,” Alexandria Gazette, 1 April 1870, p.1.
  • “United States Census, 1850,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M8D2-39B : accessed 9 April 2016), Michael Alexander in household of John B Alexander, Pulaski county, part of, Pulaski, Virginia, United States; citing family 60, NARA microfilm publication M432 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • “United States Census, 1860,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M41Y-4K6 : accessed 9 April 2016), Michael Alexander in entry for Jabin B Alexander, 1860.
  • “United States Census, 1870,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MFG7-5N8 : accessed 9 April 2016), Jabin B Alexander in household of John B Alexander, Virginia, United States; citing p. 5, family 25, NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 553,173.
  • “United States Census, 1880,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M6FR-C7R : accessed 22 March 2015), J B Alexander, St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, United States; citing enumeration district , sheet , NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll ; FHL microfilm .
  • “United States Census, 1880,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M6NH-TKV : accessed 22 March 2015), J B Alexander, St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, United States; citing enumeration district , sheet , NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll ; FHL microfilm .
  • “United States Census, 1880,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M6FR-C75 : accessed 22 March 2015), Lilla Alx Hanze in household of William Hanze, St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, United States; citing enumeration district , sheet , NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll ; FHL microfilm.
  • United States. Congress. Public Acts of the Thirty-Seventh Congress of the United States, second session. Chapter 128. An Act to prescribe an Oath of Office, and for other Purposes. July 2, 1862, p. 502-503..
  • “Virginia Births and Christenings, 1584-1917,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X5XH-132 : 5 December 2014), Lillie Alexander, 31 Mar 1880; citing Pulaski, Virginia, reference 121; FHL microfilm 2,046,959.
Posted in A | Leave a comment

Archer Family (Fauquier County, VA)

William B. Archer (21 Dec. 1814-between 28 Oct. and 31 Dec. 1847) was born in Richmond, VA. I believe him to be the son of Colonel William Archer (1780-1822) of Powhatan, and his wife, Charlotte Clarke, daughter of Major John Clarke of Keswick (“The Archer Family,” 19 May 1889).

Young Archer attended the University of Virginia in sessions 9-10 & 12 (1832-1834 & 1835-1836), earning a Bachelor of Law. (UVA Matriculation Books) In sessions 9 and 10, William B. Archer’s guardian was named as Major John Clarke, possibly his maternal grandfather.

On 12 Jan. 1837, Archer married Mary Marshall (1816-1878) (Alexandria Gazette, 5 Jan. 1878), a granddaughter of Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall. ([Wedding announcement], Richmond Enquirer) The couple had three children, Thomas Marshall, William Segar, and Elizabeth (“Lizzie”) Archer. Thomas later attended U.Va.

“William B. Archer and others announced in the Enquirer on December 8 [1846], their intention to organize a company in Richmond to consist of volunteers from the eastern counties which could not raise companies.” (Wallace, p. 49) William B. Archer, now a captain in Company I (the Marshall Guard) of the 1st Virginia Volunteers, and his men arrived in Mexico in early in 1847 to join General Zachary Taylor’s army. The Virginia Volunteers returned to Richmond in early August of 1848. (“Arrival of the Volunteers”)

In the year that they were in Mexico, many of the men and officers succumbed to disease. By 9 Aug. 1847, Captain Archer was back in Richmond, VA. From there, his doctor sent a letter to the War Department stating that Archer was too ill to return to active duty. Two months later, on 28 Oct. 1847, Archer wrote to the U.S. War Department—again from Richmond—saying that he was still too ill to return to duty. With that letter is a letter from Archer’s doctor stating that Captain Archer was “suffering from disordered bowels.” (Possibly a case of dysentery caught in the camp?) (Letters Received by the Office of the Adjutant General Main Series 1822-1860) In any case, Captain William B. Archer died sometime between 28 Oct. and 31 Dec. 1847.

Currently, I do not know where Captain Archer is buried. Mary Marshall Archer and two of the Archer children, William Segar Archer and Lizzie Archer, are buried in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond. Thomas Marshall Archer is buried in Thornrose Cemetery, in Staunton, VA.

[Note: William B. Archer’s date of birth is taken from the UVA Matriculation Books, for sessions 10 and 12; in session 9, he gave the date of his birth as 29 Dec. 1814. I should also warn the researcher that there were several men named Archer in the ranks of the volunteers in the Mexican War, including one man also named William B. Archer who later settled in Illinois. In addition, there is a contemporary William S. Archer who served both in the Virginia House of Delegates and the United States Senate and House of Representatives.—JLC]

Thomas Marshall Archer (5 Oct. 1837-28 Nov. 1881) was from Fauquier County, VA, the son of William B. Archer (above) and his wife, Mary Marshall. He attended the University of Virginia in sessions 33-34 (1856-1858), and studied to be a lawyer.

T. Marshall Archer served in the Confederate army in the 38th Battalion of the Virginia Light Artillery (Fauquier Artillery) as a second lieutenant. He was wounded in August 1862 at Rappahannock Station, VA., and was wounded again at Plymouth, NC on 20 Apr. 1864. He was on sick leave until late December 1864, when he was assigned to light duty in Richmond, VA. He surrendered at Appomattox Court House, on 9 Apr. 1865.

Marshall Alexander

Record of T. Marshall Archer noting he had been paroled at Appomattox Court House, April 9, 1865. From the Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Virginia.

After the war, T. Marshall Archer lived in Culpeper County, VA, where he was a lawyer with the firm of Archer & Morton. (Alexandria Gazette, 5 Jan. 1878) He was a representative to the Conference of Conservative Electors in 1872, representing Culpeper.

The following excerpt appeared in the Daily Dispatch on 13 Feb. 1878, 

The friends of Mr. T. Marshall Archer will be pleased to learn of his improved condition since he has been an inmate of the lunatic asylum at Staunton. His family have received a letter from one of the resident physicians of that institution to that effect, and giving encouragement to hope that he may ultimately be restored. He was adjudged a lunatic by a commission consisting of Mayor Stanard and Justices Alcocke and Nalis, upon the evidence of Drs. Rixey, Lewis, and Jeffries, and sent to the asylum about two weeks ago.

In 1881, he died in Staunton, Virginia, and was buried at the Thornrose Cemetery in that city. At this time, I do not know if he was married or had any children.

[Note: Thomas Archer’s birth date is from the UVA Matriculation Books. The death date of 28 Nov. 1881 is from Historical Data Systems. Archer’s tombstone in Thornrose Cemetery says he died on 5 Nov. 1881.—JLC]

References:

  • “The Archer Family,” part 1, The Critic (Richmond, Va.), 5 May 1889, p.3; part 2, The Critic (Richmond, Va.), 19 May 1889, p.3.
  • Archer tombstones, Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, VA & Thornrose Cemetery, Staunton, VA. Findagrave.com.
  • “Arrival of the Volunteers.” Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, VA), 8 August 1848, p. 4.
  • Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Virginia. Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations , compiled 1903-1927, documenting the period 1861-1865, record group 109, reel 254.
  • “Culpeper County.” Daily Dispatch (Richmond, VA), 13 Feb. 1878, p.3.
  • Goode, George Brown. Virginia cousins; a study of the ancestry and posterity of John Goode of Whitby. Richmond, VA, 1887.
  • Historical Data Systems, Inc. “Thomas Marshall Archer,” in American Civil War Research Database [online].  copyright 1997-2016. http://www.civilwardata.com/active/hdsquery.dll?SoldierHistory?C&351972
  • “Letter from Richmond,” Alexandria Gazette (VA), 5 Jan. 1878, p.2.
  • Letters Received by the Office of the Adjutant General Main Series 1822-1860, in Letters Received, compiled 1805-1889. NARA M567. Unbound letters, with their enclosures, received by the Adjutant General, 1822-1860, roll 0331, file A194.
  • Paxton, W. M. The Marshall Family. Cincinnati, OH, 1885.
  • Robarts, William Hugh. Mexican War Veterans; a complete roster. Washington, D.C., 1887.
  • Schele de Vere, Maximilian. Students of the University of Virginia; a semi-centennial catalogue. Baltimore, MD, 1878.
  • Sorley, Merrow Egerton, comp. Lewis of Warner Hall; the history of a family. Baltimore, MD, 1979, p. 110-113.
  • “United States Civil War Soldiers Index, 1861-1865,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F926-T4Z : 4 December 2014), T. Marshall Archer, Sergeant, Company G, 49th Regiment, Virginia Infantry, Confederate; citing NARA microfilm publication M382 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 2; FHL microfilm 881,396.
  •  University of Virginia Matriculation Books, 1825-1904, Accession #RG-14/4/2.041, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
  • “Virginia, Deaths and Burials, 1853-1912,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/X5Y7-RMY : accessed 27 Nov 2014), Mary M Archer, 03 Jan 1878; citing Richmond City, Virginia, reference p 1 cn 1; FHL microfilm 2048592.
  • Virginia National Guard Historical Society, Inc. Preserving Virginia National Guard History. c2011 http://www.vnghs.org/styled-18/styled-25/index.html
  • Wallace, Lee A., Jr. “First Regiment of Virginia Volunteers 1846-1848.” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, v.77, No. 1, Part One (Jan., 1969), pp. 46-77.
  • [Wedding announcement.] Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, VA), 19 Jan. 1837, p.3.
Posted in A | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments