William Allin Archer (17 Oct. 1841- 6 Jul. 1922)

William A. Archer was the son of the Rev. Philmer Wesley Archer (b. 1820) and his wife, Mary Susan Compton. The Reverend Archer was a member of the Virginia Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and for some years was a trustee of Randolph-Macon College, in Ashland, VA. He and his family served the church in Arkansas in 1870-1871, later moving to Texas. (Jewell; Lafferty; Preston)

William was born in Chesterfield County, VA. He graduated from Randolph-Macon College in June 1862. It was the final graduating class before the college closed for the duration of the war in 1863. He enlisted as a private in Company A of the 3rd Virginia Cavalry (the Boydton Cavalry). He was captured at the end of April 1863, and was imprisoned in Old Capital Prison in Washington, D.C., and then in Fort Delaware, DE. He was paroled in May 1863.

After the Civil War, William Archer attended the medical school of the University of Virginia in session 45 (1868-1869). He began a medical practice in Chesterfield County, but moved to Houston, Texas, where he practiced for many years. (Preston) In the 1870 U.S. Census, William Archer was still in Virginia, but by 1880, both P. W. Archer and William A. Archer were living in Houston, Texas. (1870 & 1880 U.S. Census)

Dr. Archer married Virginia Musidora Tilghman (1844-1912) in 1867, and the couple had six children, two of whom died in infancy. Their surviving children were Dr. Minnie Clifton Archer (the first woman physician in the Texas State Medical Association), Frances Ella Archer, Mary Virginia Archer, and Dr. William Edward Archer. (Brandl; Jackson)

Mrs. Archer died in 1912 of pneumonia. (Texas State Journal of Medicine, 1912) Within a few days, Dr. Minnie C. Archer, who had been nursing her mother, died of the same disease. (Medical Record, 1912; Red) Dr. William A. Archer died in Houston, TX in 1922, (Texas Deaths) reportedly of “senility” according to the Journal of the American Medical Association. Dr. and Mrs. Archer and their daughters Minnie and Frances are buried in Glenwood Cemetery, Houston, TX. Their daughter Mary Virginia (Archer) Henderson is buried in Buena Vista Burial Park in Brownsville, Texas. Dr. William E. Archer died in Puerto Rico and presumably is buried there. (Findagrave)


  • 1870-1920 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.
  • Archer gravesites, Glenwood Cemetery, Houston, TX. Findagrave.com
  • Brandl, Betty. Posting re: Virginia Musidora Tilghman, Dec. 17, 2010, quoting excerpt from the “Tilghman/Tillman Family Register 1225-1945, p.90.”
  • Caknipe, John, Jr. Randolph Macon College in the Early Years: Making Preachers, Teachers and Confederate Officers, 1830-1868. Jefferson, NC, 2015.
  • “Deaths [Dr. William A. Archer].” Journal of the American Medical Association, v.79, no.7, p. 573.
  • Irby, Richard. History of Randolph-Macon College, Virginia. Richmond, VA, 189?
  • Jackson, T. T. “Memorial address.” Texas State Journal of Medicine, v.8, June 1912, p. 48.
  • Jewell, Horace. History of Methodism in Arkansas. Little Rock, AR, 1892, p. 421.
  • Lafferty, John James. Sketches of the Virginia Conference, Methodist Episcopal Church, South. Richmond, VA, 1880, p.134.
  • “News of the Week [Obituary of Dr. Minnie C. Archer].” Medical Record. March 2, 1912, p. 427.
  • Preston, Laurie. “William Allin Archer, Class of 1862.” in The Men of Randolph-Macon College and the Civil War [website] Sep. 30, 2013.
  • Red, George Plunkett. The Medicine Man in Texas. Houston, TX, 1930, p. 104.
  • Schele de Vere, Maximilian. Students of the University of Virginia; a semi-centennial catalogue. Baltimore, MD, 1878.
  • “Society News.” Texas State Journal of Medicine, v.7, March 1912, p. 312.
  • “Texas Deaths, 1890-1976,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K3CF-6WR : 5 December 2014), P W Archer in entry for William Allin Archer, 06 Jul 1922; citing certificate number 20634A, State Registrar Office, Austin; FHL microfilm 2,074,633.
  • Texas Physicians Historical Biographical Database. [database online] Dallas, TX: University of Texas. Southwest Medical Center, Health Sciences Digital Library and Learning Center, c2017. http://library.utsouthwestern.edu/doctors/doctors.cfm?alpha=A
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Nicholas Davis Richardson (Nov. 30, 1832-Jan. 3, 1895)

Nicholas D. Richardson (“Nick”) was the son of William Richardson (1797-1866), a prominent lawyer and, at one point, attorney general of Alabama. His mother was Richardson’s wife, Ann Davis (1810-1861), from Hanover County, Virginia. He was born in Athens, Alabama, where he lived and studied until he was sixteen. (Findagrave.com; Speer)

Nick attended the University of Virginia in session 28 (1851-1852), where he studied chemistry, medicine, anatomy and physiology, and surgery. (UVA Matriculation Books) Speer The next year he studied at Jefferson Medical Collection in Philadelphia, and graduated with his M.D. in 1853. (Gayley) In 1854, Dr. Richardson returned to Athens and joined the practice of Dr. T. S. Malone, where he practiced until the Civil War began in 1861.

In 1861, he enlisted in Company F of the 26th Alabama Regiment, as a lieutenant. Soon he was commissioned as a surgeon in the Confederate army and served with various Alabama units until the surrender in 1865. (McClellan, p. 336) He served primarily in the field.

Returning to practice after the war, he remained in Athens until 1881, when he moved to Nashville, Tennessee, and continued practicing medicine. Richardson married Sarah Elizabeth (“Bettie”) Hine (1839-1874) on Oct. 27, 1858. They had six children, Roswell H., Ann Davis, Charles B., William E., Mary P., and Nick D. Richardson, Jr. On May 1, 1875, Richardson married Eliza Anna (Echols) Sledge (1840-1915), a widow, as his second wife. This couple had no children. (Davis)

As late as 1888, a biographer described Richardson as “a most attractive and companionable gentleman. He is six feet high; weighs one hundred and eighty pounds; has the face and manners of the typical, warm-hearted, impulsive southern planter, and looks fearless, unsuspecting, independent, and very self-conscious.” (Speer, p. 319) Nick Richardson was buried in Athens (AL) City Cemetery, in the family plot. (Findagrave.com)


  • Davis, Kathie, “Limestone County AL Archives Cemeteries.” [website] Athens City Cemetery – Partial Survey More to Come. (2007) http://files.usgwarchives.net/al/limestone/cemeteries/athensci381gcm.txt
  • Gayley, James F. A history of the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia. Philadelphia, Joseph M. Wilson, 1858, p.56.
  • McClellan, William Cowan. Welcome the hour of conflict: William Cowan McClellan and the 9th Alabama. Tuscaloosa, AL, University of Alabama Press, 2007, p. 336.
  • Richardson tombstones, Athens City Cemetery, Alabama. Findagrave.com
  • Speer, William S., comp. Sketches of Prominent Tennesseans: Containing Biographies and Records of many of the families who have attained prominence in Tennessee. Originally published Nashville, 1888. Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing, p. 318-319.
  • University of Virginia Matriculation Books, 1825-1904, Accession #RG-14/4/2.041, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
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Lawrence Manning Austin (29 Jan. 1838-13 Jul. 1864)

L. Manning Austin was the son of Dr. Thomas Collins Austin (1790-1883), and his wife, Mary Turner James (1805-1889). The family lived in Greenville, South Carolina, where Dr. T. C. Austin had a medical practice and a large amount of real estate. According to the Austin Families Association of America (AFAOA) website, Dr. T. C. Austin was a grandson of Nathaniel Austin, Sr., who immigrated from England and built Gilder Plantation at Simpsonville, S.C. (Austin, J. W.; Carlin; Clarence)

L. M. Austin attended the University of Virginia in the 36th session (1859-1860), where he studied Chemistry, Medicine, Physiology and Surgery, and Anatomy. (U.Va. Catalogue, session 1859-60) After a year at U.Va., Austin entered the University of Louisiana Medical College, which at the time was considered one of the best medical schools in the South. He graduated with a medical degree in 1861. The class of 1861 was the largest class graduated until that time at the U. La. Medical College. As many of his classmates did, he volunteered for Confederate military service.

Dr. Austin entered service as an Assistant Surgeon, and was promoted to Surgeon in 1863. (Confederate Congress) He served with the 13th Regiment of Mississippi Infantry, in the Barksdale Brigade, a unit which fought at Harpers Ferry, Malvern Hill, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania, and the Wilderness, among others. (Austin, J. W.; Austin, L. M.) Thirteen members of the U.La. class of ’61 died in battle, and sixteen died of other causes, such as disease. (U. La. Catalogue) Dr. Austin was one of the latter.

The details of his death are uncertain, because various resources give different dates and locations of his death. According to records in the National Archives–which is the only primary source I have found for this information–L. M. Austin died on 13 Jul. 1864, “of disease.” (Austin, L. M. service record) Kirkland’s Broken Fortunes states that Dr. Austin died on 19 Jul. 1863, at home. The Carlin website (with information based on Austin, J. W.) gives his date of death as 13 Jul. 1863, and also states he died while “on leave at the home of his father in SC.” The Catalogue of the Medical College of the University of Louisiana, states that he died in 1863 (no month or day) in Richmond, Virginia, of typhoid fever. I have not been able to find out where he was buried. He was single at the time of his death. (Austin, L. M.)

[N.b. L. M. Austin’s birth date of 29 Jan. 1838 appears in the U.Va. Matriculation Books; the information in these books was recorded by the students themselves when they registered each year.—JLC]


  • Austin, James Waddy & Knight, Josephine Manning Austin, The Austin and Allied Families, 2nd Ed. Atlanta, GA, 1972, p. 150.
  • Austin, L. M., service record, in the Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Mississippi. Record group 109.  M269. Thirteenth infantry, Mississippi. Fold3.com.
  • Carlin, Liz Austin. “Nathaniel Austin of Greenville, South Carolina.” Austin Families Association of America. (AFAOA) [website] http://www.afaoa.org/db_files/Nathaniel_Austin_SC/Individuals/I237.html
  • Clarence: clarence@atkins.net. “The Atkins, Atwoods, and Austins from Northwest Georgia.” Rootsweb [online database] http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=ceatkins1&id=I608
  • Confederate States of America. Journal of the Congress of the Confederate States of America.  Washington, 1904, v. 3, p. 167-171
  • Kirkland, Randolph W., Jr. Broken Fortunes; South Carolina soldiers, sailors, and citizens who died in the service of their country and state in the War for Southern Independence, 1861-1865. Columbia, SC, 2012.
  • South Carolina Plantations. [website] http://south-carolina-plantations.com/greenville/gilder.html
  • University of Louisiana Medical College. A catalogue from 1834 to 1872 of the professors, other instructors, and alumni : with an historical sketch of the medical college (from its origin in 1834 to 1847), and of its successor, the Med. Dept. of the University of Louisiana (from its establishment in 1847 to 1872). New Orleans [La.] : Printed at the Bronze Pen Book and Job Office, 1871, p. 11, 16, 32.
  • University of Virginia. Catalogue of the University of Virginia. Session of 1859-’60. Richmond, 1860.
  • University of Virginia Matriculation Books, 1825-1904, Accession #RG-14/4/2.041, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
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Lawrence Stirling Alexander (15 Sept. 1842-6 Nov. 1910)

Lawrence S. Alexander was born in Centerville, Fairfax County, Virginia. He was the son of Dr. Robert Alexander, and his wife, Ann Clark, both of South Carolina. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Lawrence enlisted in the 19th Virginia regiment as a private. Later in the war, he served in Company C of Mosby’s Partisan Rangers, and served as surgeon in that unit.

After the war, Alexander attended the University of Virginia medical school in session 43 (1866-1867), then attended the University of Maryland School of Medicine, from which he received his M.D. in 1868. (Cordell; Webb)

In 1869, Dr. Lawrence Alexander married Mary Lavonia Addickes (1845-1930) of Yorkville, SC. The couple had several children: Frederica Lavonia, Mary Elise, Helen L., Florence L., Ann Lee, Blanche A., and Lucille A. Alexander. The family moved to Yorkville, SC, where Dr. Alexander began his practice. By 1885, the Alexander family had moved to St. Augustine, Florida. Dr. Alexander established a general medical practice in St. Augustine, and also served as county physician of St. John’s County, Florida, and as a consulting physician at Flagler Hospital of St. Augustine. (Cordell; U.S. Censuses)

Lawrence and Mary Alexander are buried at Evergreen Cemetery, in Saint Augustine, Florida. (Findagrave.com)


  • Alexander tombstones, Evergreen Cemetery, Saint Augustine, Florida. Findagrave.com
  • Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy. “Lawrence Sterling Alexander. 1842-“ in Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, University of Maryland, 1807-1907: Its History, Influence , Equipment, and Characteristics. New York, 1907, v.2, p.299-300.
  • Davis, James S. Confederate Veterans buried in St. Johns County, Florida, July 2008. c2003. p.6, 34.
  • “Florida State Census, 1885,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MNJ8-8MT : accessed 7 April 2016), L S Alexander, 9, St. Johns, Florida; citing p. 32, sheet letter D, number , line 37, NARA microfilm publication M845 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 888,972.
  • “Lawrence Alexander” service jacket. in Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Virginia, record group 109, publication M324.
  • Murphy, Patricia Lee, “Tennesseans in Florida,” Ansearchin’ News, v.36, no.4 (Winter, 1989), p.192.
  • “United States Census, 1860”, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M417-DSM : accessed 7 April 2016), J L S Alexander, 1860.
  • “United States Census, 1870,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MFG7-P5Y : accessed 7 April 2016), Laurence Alexandria, Virginia, United States; citing p. 19, family 131, NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 553,172.
  • “United States Census, 1880,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M63S-465 : accessed 7 April 2016), Laurence Alexander, York, York, South Carolina, United States; citing enumeration district ED 160, sheet 283A, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 1243; FHL microfilm 1,255,243.
  • “United States Census, 1900,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M36D-PS5 : accessed 7 April 2016), Lawrence Alexander, Precinct 13 (St. Augustine city) & Precinct 14 (excl. St. Augustine city) St. Augustine city W, St. Johns, Florida, United States; citing sheet 18B, family 374, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,240,176.
  • “United States Census, 1910,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MVK2-GLQ : accessed 7 April 2016), Laurence T Alexande, St Augustine Ward 1, St Johns, Florida, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 142, sheet 12B, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,374,180.
  • Webb, Wanton S., editor. Webb’s Historical, Industrial and Biographical Florida, Part 1. New York, 1885, p. 197.
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Toy Family of Norfolk, Virginia

Thomas Dallam Toy (1814-1879) of Norfolk, Virginia was a partner in the firm of King & Toy, a wholesale and retail druggists’ supply business. After the Civil War, the business was known as Thomas D. Toy & Sons.  He was also one of the founding members of the Freemason Baptist Church of Norfolk, founded in 1848. Toy and his wife, Amelia Ann Rogers (1816-1873), among other children, had three sons who attended the University of Virginia: Crawford Howell, Robert B., and Walter Dallam Toy. Thomas and Amelia are buried in Elmwood Cemetery, Norfolk, Va. (Findagrave.com)

Crawford Howell Toy (23 Mar. 1836-12 May 1919) received his early education at the Norfolk Academy, at that time a military school. In 1852, he entered the University of Virginia; he attended U.Va. in sessions 29-32 (1852-1856) where he studied Ancient Languages, Law, and, Comparative Anatomy and Surgery. Upon graduation, Toy taught at the Albemarle Female Institute in Charlottesville for three years, and then in 1859, Toy entered the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary at Greenville, SC. In 1860, Toy was ordained as a Baptist minister. Though he intended to become a foreign missionary, the outbreak of the Civil War prevented that plan from being put into effect.

In Oct. 1861, Crawford H. Toy enlisted for Confederate service in the Norfolk Light Artillery Blues, where he served as a private and corporal. He later served as a chaplain in the infantry. He was captured at Gettysburg on July 4, 1863, and imprisoned at Fort McHenry, in Maryland. In six months he was exchanged and rejoined the army. In mid-1864 Toy was appointed professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Alabama, where he remained until the end of the war. From 1866-1868, he studied at the University of Berlin.

Toy’s lifelong interest was language and Biblical studies. Among the languages he knew and taught were German, French, Greek, Hebrew, Aramaic, Arabic, Ethiopic, Sanskrit, Persian, Assyrian, Egyptian, and Russian. After returning from Europe, Toy became a professor at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, teaching Hebrew and Biblical studies.

In 1879, his increasingly ‘liberal’ views “concerning the historical accuracy of the Old Testament” led to his resignation from the faculty of the Seminary. (Baptist Studies Bulletin, Oct. 2011) In 1881, his religious views are also thought to have contributed to the break-up of his engagement to Charlotte  “Lottie” Moon, a famous Southern Baptist missionary to China, whom he first met at the Albemarle Female Institute in Charlottesville.

In 1880, Dr. Toy was called to Harvard University as Hancock Professor of Hebrew and Other Oriental Languages, and Dexter Lecturer on Biblical Literature. Toy’s personal religious beliefs changed after his arrival at Harvard, and he joined the Unitarian Church about 1890. He held the professorship until he retired in 1909. (Lyon) Among his many books were Judaism and Christianity, a sketch of the progress of thought from Old Testament to New Testament (1890) and Introduction to the history of religions (1913).

On 24 May, 1888, Toy married Nancy I. Saunders (Jul. 1 1860-after 1930), in Norfolk, Va. (Virginia Marriages, 1785-1940). Toy died in 1919. I have been unable to ascertain his place of burial. A photograph of Mrs. Toy appears in each of her U.S. Passport Applications from 1920 and 1925. (U.S. Passport Applications)

A photograph of Mrs. Nancy Toy.

Mrs. Nancy Toy in 1925. (U.S. Passport Applications)

Robert Boyte Toy (26 Jun. 1848-10 Mar. 1918) was born in Norfolk, VA, and attended the University of Virginia in session 42 (1865-1866). He married Mary Jane Bockover (17 Jan. 1852-28 Jan. 1910) of Edenton, NC on 14 Mar. 1871. (North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, 1901; Atlanta Georgian, 1910) The couple’s children were Rogers Bockover Toy, Mary Ethel Toy, and Bockover Toy. (Macfarland)

The couple moved to Atlanta, Georgia in 1878, and lived there for the rest of their lives. Robert B. Toy was employed by the Phillips & Crew Music House, first as a “commercial traveler,” i.e., a salesman, (1880 U.S. Census), and by 1910 he was the Secretary of the firm. (1910 U.S. Census) Robert was buried in Westview Cemetery, Atlanta, GA.

Walter Dallam Toy (13 Nov. 1854-10 Oct. 1933) was born in Norfolk, VA. He attended the University of Virginia in sessions 50-51 and 55 (1873-1875 and 1878-1879). While at U.Va. he was a member of Chi Psi fraternity and of the Washington Society. (Chi Psi) After two years study at U.Va., he accepted the position as Assistant Master in the University School in Petersburg, Va. He held this position for a number of years, then went back to U.Va. in 1878 to earn a Master of Arts degree. Walter D. Toy and his brother Crawford H. Toy were students of Maximilian Schele De Vere who taught literature at U.Va. for over fifty years (1844-1895). (Chandler)

After graduating from U.Va., Toy traveled to Germany, Berlin, and Paris to continue his studies. He attended the University of Leipzig, 1882-1883; the University of Berlin, 1883-1885; and the College de France, 1885. Late in his career (1910-1911) he returned to the University of Berlin as a student. (University of North Carolina, 1919)

From 1885 he was Professor of Modern Languages at the University of North Carolina, and in 1891 was elected professor of Germanic Languages and Literatures in that same institution. (University of North Carolina, 1895) He had served as a professor at UNC for 45 years before his retirement.

On 29 Jun. 1898, Walter D. Toy married Jane Washington Bingham (1868-1950); the couple’s children were Calvert Rogers, Jane Bingham, and Walter Dallam Toy, Jr. (Barringer; U.S. Census; Findagrave.com) Walter Sr. died of pneumonia in 1933, and was bur. in Old Chapel Hill Cemetery, Chapel Hill, NC. (New York Times, 11 Oct. 1933; North Carolina Deaths, 1931-1994)


  • Chandler, Julian A. C., [et al.] editors. The South in the building of the nation. Richmond, VA, 1909, v. 7, p.120-121.
  • Chi Psi Fraternity. The fourth decennial catalogue of the Chi Psi Fraternity. New York, 1883, p. 220.
  •  “Crawford Toy and the American Civil War.” Baptist Studies Bulletin, v.10, no.8 (Oct. 2011). <http://www.baptisthistory.org/bhhs/bsb/bsb2011_10.html#second%20story>
  • “Dr. Crawford Howell Toy.” New York Times, 13 May 1919, p. 16.
  • “The Edenton Tea Party.” North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, v.2, no.1 (Jan. 1901), p.120-124.
  • Garrett, Franklin M. Atlanta and Environs: A Chronicle of Its People and Events, 1880s-1930s. Athens, Ga., 1969, v.2, p. 692.
  • Lyon, David G. “Crawford Howell Toy.” Harvard Theological Review, v.13, no.1 (Jan. 1920), p.1-22.
  • “Massachusetts State Vital Records, 1841-1920,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:23T8-X13 : accessed 22 February 2016), Crawford H Toy, 12 May 1919; citing Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States, Death certificate number 713, page 446, State Archives, Boston.
  • “Mrs. Robert B. Toy dies Friday morning.”  The Atlanta Georgian and News, 28 Jan. 1910, p.2. <http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/atlnewspapers/id:aga1910-0404>
  • “New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-21841-8404-22?cc=1923888 : accessed 17 March 2016), 4828 – vol 10467-10468, Sep 16, 1931 > image 518 of 880; citing NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • “North Carolina Deaths, 1931-1994,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FPN1-6BJ : accessed 23 February 2016), Thomas Dallan Toy in entry for Walter Dallan Toy, 10 Oct 1933; citing Chapel Hill, Orange, North Carolina, fn 1691 cn 88, State Department of Archives and History, Raleigh; FHL microfilm 1,943,081.
  • “North Carolina, County Marriages, 1762-1979 ,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XFSN-NXL : accessed 25 February 2016), Walter D Toy and Jennie W Bingham, 29 Jun 1898; citing Rowan, North Carolina, United States, county courthouses, North Carolina; FHL microfilm 1,760,526.
  • “Prof. Walter D. Toy dies at Chapel Hill.” New York Times, 11 Oct. 1933, p. 23.
  • Toy graves, Norfolk, VA, Atlanta, GA, and Chapel Hill, NC. Findagrave.com
  • U.S. Census, 1850-1940. Familysearch.org
  • “United States Passport Applications, 1795-1925,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV5B-CT93 : accessed 23 February 2016), Nancy Toy, 1920; citing Passport Application, Massachusetts, United States, source certificate #28999, Passport Applications, January 2, 1906 – March 31, 1925, 1193, NARA microfilm publications M1490 and M1372 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,638,465.
  • “United States Passport Applications, 1795-1925,” database with images, <i>FamilySearch</i> (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-37913-29463-34?cc=2185145 : accessed 17 March 2016), (M1490) Passport Applications, January 2, 1906 – March 31, 1925 &gt; Roll 2709, 1925 Feb, certificate no 513900-514499 &gt; image 71 of 948; citing NARA microfilm publications M1490 and M1372 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.)
  • University of North Carolina. The University of North Carolina catalogue, 1894-95. Chapel Hill, NC, 1895, p.16.
  • University of North Carolina. The University of North Carolina, abridged catalogue, 1919-1920. Raleigh, NC, 1919, p. 14.
  • University of Virginia Matriculation Books, 1825-1904, Accession #RG-14/4/2.041, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
  • “Virginia Births and Christenings, 1853-1917,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X5VN-T65 : accessed 23 February 2016), Thos D Toy in entry for Walter Dallam Toy, 13 Nov 1854; citing Norfolk, Virginia, reference p 12; FHL microfilm 2,048,450.
  • “Virginia Marriages, 1785-1940,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XR9M-LNY : accessed 22 February 2016), Crawford H. Toy and Nancy I. Saunders, 24 May 1888; citing Norfolk, Norfolk, Virginia, reference p 40 n 137; FHL microfilm 2,048,491.
  • “Virginia Marriages, 1785-1940,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XR9S-89S : accessed 23 February 2016), Thos. D. Toy in entry for Robert B. Toy and Mary J. Bockover, 14 Mar 1871; citing Norfolk, Virginia, reference p 19 n 50; FHL microfilm 2,048,491.
  • “Walter Dallam Toy, 1854- “ in Barringer, Paul. University of Virginia; its history, influence, equipment, and characteristics. v.2. New York, 1904, p.144-145.
  • “William Bailey Lamar,” in MacFarland, Henry B. F., editor. District of Columbia: concise biographies of its prominent and representative contemporary citizens, 1908-1909. Washington, D.C., 1908, p. 272.


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