William Alexander Anderson (11 May 1842-21 Jun. 1930)

William A. Anderson was the son of Francis Thomas Anderson (1808-1887), a lawyer, justice of the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals, and rector of Washington College (now Washington & Lee University). His mother was Francis’s wife, Mary Ann Alexander (1806-1881).

William was a student at Washington College from 1857-1861. He never graduated, but when the Civil War broke out, he, with many of his classmates, joined the Confederate army as the Liberty Hill Volunteers. This unit became Company I of the Fourth Virginia Infantry Regiment, which was under the command of Stonewall Jackson. William was wounded in the knee at the First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run), and walked with a limp for the rest of his life.

He attended the University of Virginia Law School in sessions 40 & 42 (1863-1864 & 1865-1866), and established a legal practice in Lexington, Virginia.

William married first, Ellen Graham Anderson (1849-1872), the daughter of his uncle Joseph Reid Anderson. William and Ellen had no children. After her death, he married on 9 Aug. 1875, as his second wife, Mary Louisa Blair (1849-1933) of Lexington, VA. They had four daughters and a son, Ruth Floyd, Anna Aylett, William Dandridge Alexander, Judith Nicoll, and Ellen Graham Anderson. (1880-1900 U.S. Census)

William A. Anderson was active in politics his entire life. He was elected as president of the Virginia Bar Association. From 1869 to 1873, he was a Virginia State Senator, and was in the House of Delegates in 1883-1885, 1887-1889, and 1918-1919. He is noted for sponsoring the act to establish the public school system in Virginia while in the Senate. He served as president pro tempore of the 1901 constitutional convention, and as Attorney General of Virginia from 1902-1910. He served on the Board of Trustees and as rector of Washington & Lee University. (Tarter)

Anderson died at his home in Lynchburg. He and his wife Mary Louisa, and their four daughters were buried at the Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery in Lexington, Virginia. Their son William Dandridge Alexander Anderson is buried at Arlington Cemetery.


  • 1850-1930 U.S. Federal Census. FamilySearch.org
  • Anderson tombstones, Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery, Lexington, VA. Findagrave.
  • Tarter, Brent and the Dictionary of Virginia Biography. “William A. Anderson (1842–1930).” Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 19 Jul. 2016. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.
  • Tyler, Lyon Gardiner, Men of Mark in Virginia. Washington, DC, Men of Mark Publishing Co., v.3, p. 3-5.
  • University of Virginia Alumni Association. Directory of living alumni of the University of Virginia. Centennial Edition. Charlottesville, VA, 1921, p. 11.
  • “Virginia Deaths and Burials, 1853-1912,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XR9J-B4N : 12 December 2014), Ellen G. Anderson, 25 Jan 1872; citing Richmond, Virginia, reference Line 31; FHL microfilm 2,048,591.
  • “Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KZ7L-54Y : 5 December 2014), Ellen Graham Anderson, 23 Feb 1849; Birth, citing Virginia, United States, Virginia Historical Society, Richmond.
Posted in A | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

McCarty Family (Fairfax County, Virginia)

In the 18th and 19th centuries, the McCartys were one of Virginia’s most prominent families, associating with families such as the Balls, Lees, Masons, and Washingtons. The family’s progenitor in America was Dennis McCarty, who arrived in Virginia by 1675. Dennis’s great-great-grandson was Daniel McCarty (1758-1801) who married Sarah Eilbeck Mason, the daughter of George Mason IV (1725-1792) of Gunston Hall. Daniel and Sarah had ten children, among them William Mason McCarty (ca. 1789-1863). (Cooper*)

Genealogical tables:
McCarty-Mason   William Mason McCarty Family  McCarty-Bronaugh

William Mason McCarty (ca. 1789-1863), a lawyer, married, first, Emily Rutger Mason (1793-1836), a cousin of his mother, and second, in 1838 (Index to the Richmond Enquirer, Library of Virginia), Mary Blair Burwell (1811-1892). William and Emily had two sons, William Thornton McCarty (1819-1858) and James Ball McCarty (1822-1888). William and Mary had one son, William Page McCarty (1839-1900). Each of the sons attended the University of Virginia. William Mason McCarty is buried in Shockhoe Hill Cemetery, in Richmond, VA. Emily is buried in Saint James Episcopal Church Cemetery in Leesburg, VA. Mary is buried in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, VA.

William Thornton McCarty (22 Apr. 1819-23 Dec 1858) attended the University of Virginia in session 24 (1847-1848), where he studied law. He married Rebecca Martha Royall (1830-1855) before 21 Aug. 1850, when the 1850 U.S. Census recorded them as living in Miss Terrill’s boarding house. This couple had three sons, William Mason, Junius Royal, and James Thornton McCarty, each of whom also attended the University of Virginia (see below). William Thornton McCarty practiced law in Charlottesville, VA.  Both William and Rebecca McCarty died young, Rebecca in 1855, and William in 1858, leaving three sons under ten years old. William and Rebecca are buried in the University of Virginia Cemetery, in Charlottesville, VA.

  • William Mason McCarty (b. 1850) attended U.Va. during sessions 41 and 44 (1864-1865 & 1868-1869). He married Mary Champe Garnett (1853-1882) on 15 Aug. 1881. Mary died about a year later, on the day that her daughter was born. William remarried to a woman named Anna (last name unknown), and lived in New York City for the rest of his life. William and Anna had no children. He worked first as a metals agent, and later as a partner in a smelting business. William and Mary’s daughter, Mary Garnett McCarty (1882-1969) was raised by her maternal grandparents, Edgar M. and Emily (Hayward) Garnett, in Richmond, VA. After Edgar died, Mary and her grandmother moved to Baltimore, MD, where Mary later became the Maryland State Librarian from 1920-1922. She later married Thomas Jefferson Manning of West Virginia, but had no children.
  • Junius Royall McCarty (1852-12 Mar. 1906) attended U.Va. in sessions 49-50 (1872-1874). He married Rebecca Yerger (ca. 1855-before 1900), and the couple had a daughter named Lillian. They lived in Washington, D.C., where Junius was a clerk for the U.S. Senate. By 1900, Junius McCarty was a widower and lived in Chicago, IL, working as a secretary. He died in 1906, and was buried in Read Dunning Cemetery, in Cook County, IL.
  • James Thornton McCarty (b. 1854) also attended U.Va. in sessions 49-50 (1872-1874). The most known about him at this time is that he was alive and in Richmond, VA, in 1903, based on an article in the Richmond (VA) Evening News.

James Ball McCarty (1822-22 Apr. 1888) was the second son of William Mason McCarty (ca. 1789-1863) and his first wife, Emily Mason. He attended the University of Virginia in session 24 (1847-1848), where he studied chemistry, medicine, and anatomy and surgery. After leaving U.Va., he started a medical practice in Richmond. When his brother, William Mason McCarty died, Dr. McCarty had custody of his underage nephews.

During the Civil War, Dr. McCarty served as a surgeon in the Confederate army. He worked at hospitals in Staunton, Richmond, and Mount Jackson, Virginia. After the war, he resumed his practice in Richmond. As early as 1871, Dr. McCarty was developing his farm near Oakwood Cemetery south of Richmond, planting grapevines, and other fruits and fruit trees of all kinds. In the 1880 census, he is described as a “vintinor” or vintner. Dr. McCarty died in 1888, having never married. He is buried in Hollywood Cemetery, in Richmond, VA.

[Note to the researcher: There is another contemporary James Ball McCarty (1826-1888) of a related McCarty line who lived in the Northern Neck of Virginia. He was a lawyer, and is often confused with the James Ball McCarty who attended U.Va.—JLC]

William Page McCarty (9 Nov. 1839-25 May 1900)—called Page McCarty—was the son of William Mason McCarty (ca. 1789-20 Dec 1863) and his second wife, Mary Blair Burwell. He attended the University of Virginia in session 37 (1860-1861). He served as first lieutenant and adjutant in Company S, Virginia 13th Light Artillery Batallion, and by late 1863, was a brigade inspector in Wharton’s Brigade in the Army of Tennessee. He was wounded in 1864 in the Battle of Petersburg. His final rank was captain.


William Page McCarty, from DeLeon, T. C, Belles, beaux and brains of the 60’s. (1907)

After 1865, Page McCarty took up the profession of newspaperman. He was the editor of several newspapers during his life, including the Alexandria Gazette, the Richmond Enquirer, the Norfolk News, and the Washington Post. Page McCarty is most well-known—one might say “notorious”—for killing John Brooke Mordecai (also a former U.Va. student and a former friend) in a duel in 1873. In addition to his newspaper career, Page McCarty was active in the Democratic Party, both locally and nationally, and wrote plays and operas. He died in 1900, and the wounds received in the 1873 duel were thought to have contributed to his final illness. He is buried in the family lot in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, VA, near his brother James Ball McCarty and his mother, Mary (Burwell) McCarty.

[*Most of the information above is summarized from my book, A Challenge Was Given. (See below.)—JLC]


Posted in M | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

William Allin Archer (17 Oct. 1841- 6 Jul. 1922)

William A. Archer was the son of the Rev. Philmer Wesley Archer (b. 1820) and his wife, Mary Susan Compton. The Reverend Archer was a member of the Virginia Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and for some years was a trustee of Randolph-Macon College, in Ashland, VA. He and his family served the church in Arkansas in 1870-1871, later moving to Texas. (Jewell; Lafferty; Preston)

William was born in Chesterfield County, VA. He graduated from Randolph-Macon College in June 1862. It was the final graduating class before the college closed for the duration of the war in 1863. He enlisted as a private in Company A of the 3rd Virginia Cavalry (the Boydton Cavalry). He was captured at the end of April 1863, and was imprisoned in Old Capital Prison in Washington, D.C., and then in Fort Delaware, DE. He was paroled in May 1863.

After the Civil War, William Archer attended the medical school of the University of Virginia in session 45 (1868-1869). He began a medical practice in Chesterfield County, but moved to Houston, Texas, where he practiced for many years. (Preston) In the 1870 U.S. Census, William Archer was still in Virginia, but by 1880, both P. W. Archer and William A. Archer were living in Houston, Texas. (1870 & 1880 U.S. Census)

Dr. Archer married Virginia Musidora Tilghman (1844-1912) in 1867, and the couple had six children, two of whom died in infancy. Their surviving children were Dr. Minnie Clifton Archer (the first woman physician in the Texas State Medical Association), Frances Ella Archer, Mary Virginia Archer, and Dr. William Edward Archer. (Brandl; Jackson)

Mrs. Archer died in 1912 of pneumonia. (Texas State Journal of Medicine, 1912) Within a few days, Dr. Minnie C. Archer, who had been nursing her mother, died of the same disease. (Medical Record, 1912; Red) Dr. William A. Archer died in Houston, TX in 1922, (Texas Deaths) reportedly of “senility” according to the Journal of the American Medical Association. Dr. and Mrs. Archer and their daughters Minnie and Frances are buried in Glenwood Cemetery, Houston, TX. Their daughter Mary Virginia (Archer) Henderson is buried in Buena Vista Burial Park in Brownsville, Texas. Dr. William E. Archer died in Puerto Rico and presumably is buried there. (Findagrave)


  • 1870-1920 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.
  • Archer gravesites, Glenwood Cemetery, Houston, TX. Findagrave.com
  • Brandl, Betty. Posting re: Virginia Musidora Tilghman, Dec. 17, 2010, quoting excerpt from the “Tilghman/Tillman Family Register 1225-1945, p.90.”
  • Caknipe, John, Jr. Randolph Macon College in the Early Years: Making Preachers, Teachers and Confederate Officers, 1830-1868. Jefferson, NC, 2015.
  • “Deaths [Dr. William A. Archer].” Journal of the American Medical Association, v.79, no.7, p. 573.
  • Irby, Richard. History of Randolph-Macon College, Virginia. Richmond, VA, 189?
  • Jackson, T. T. “Memorial address.” Texas State Journal of Medicine, v.8, June 1912, p. 48.
  • Jewell, Horace. History of Methodism in Arkansas. Little Rock, AR, 1892, p. 421.
  • Lafferty, John James. Sketches of the Virginia Conference, Methodist Episcopal Church, South. Richmond, VA, 1880, p.134.
  • “News of the Week [Obituary of Dr. Minnie C. Archer].” Medical Record. March 2, 1912, p. 427.
  • Preston, Laurie. “William Allin Archer, Class of 1862.” in The Men of Randolph-Macon College and the Civil War [website] Sep. 30, 2013.
  • Red, George Plunkett. The Medicine Man in Texas. Houston, TX, 1930, p. 104.
  • Schele de Vere, Maximilian. Students of the University of Virginia; a semi-centennial catalogue. Baltimore, MD, 1878.
  • “Society News.” Texas State Journal of Medicine, v.7, March 1912, p. 312.
  • “Texas Deaths, 1890-1976,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K3CF-6WR : 5 December 2014), P W Archer in entry for William Allin Archer, 06 Jul 1922; citing certificate number 20634A, State Registrar Office, Austin; FHL microfilm 2,074,633.
  • Texas Physicians Historical Biographical Database. [database online] Dallas, TX: University of Texas. Southwest Medical Center, Health Sciences Digital Library and Learning Center, c2017. http://library.utsouthwestern.edu/doctors/doctors.cfm?alpha=A
Posted in A | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Nicholas Davis Richardson (Nov. 30, 1832-Jan. 3, 1895)

Nicholas D. Richardson (“Nick”) was the son of William Richardson (1797-1866), a prominent lawyer and, at one point, attorney general of Alabama. His mother was Richardson’s wife, Ann Davis (1810-1861), from Hanover County, Virginia. He was born in Athens, Alabama, where he lived and studied until he was sixteen. (Findagrave.com; Speer)

Nick attended the University of Virginia in session 28 (1851-1852), where he studied chemistry, medicine, anatomy and physiology, and surgery. (UVA Matriculation Books) Speer The next year he studied at Jefferson Medical Collection in Philadelphia, and graduated with his M.D. in 1853. (Gayley) In 1854, Dr. Richardson returned to Athens and joined the practice of Dr. T. S. Malone, where he practiced until the Civil War began in 1861.

In 1861, he enlisted in Company F of the 26th Alabama Regiment, as a lieutenant. Soon he was commissioned as a surgeon in the Confederate army and served with various Alabama units until the surrender in 1865. (McClellan, p. 336) He served primarily in the field.

Returning to practice after the war, he remained in Athens until 1881, when he moved to Nashville, Tennessee, and continued practicing medicine. Richardson married Sarah Elizabeth (“Bettie”) Hine (1839-1874) on Oct. 27, 1858. They had six children, Roswell H., Ann Davis, Charles B., William E., Mary P., and Nick D. Richardson, Jr. On May 1, 1875, Richardson married Eliza Anna (Echols) Sledge (1840-1915), a widow, as his second wife. This couple had no children. (Davis)

As late as 1888, a biographer described Richardson as “a most attractive and companionable gentleman. He is six feet high; weighs one hundred and eighty pounds; has the face and manners of the typical, warm-hearted, impulsive southern planter, and looks fearless, unsuspecting, independent, and very self-conscious.” (Speer, p. 319) Nick Richardson was buried in Athens (AL) City Cemetery, in the family plot. (Findagrave.com)


  • Davis, Kathie, “Limestone County AL Archives Cemeteries.” [website] Athens City Cemetery – Partial Survey More to Come. (2007) http://files.usgwarchives.net/al/limestone/cemeteries/athensci381gcm.txt
  • Gayley, James F. A history of the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia. Philadelphia, Joseph M. Wilson, 1858, p.56.
  • McClellan, William Cowan. Welcome the hour of conflict: William Cowan McClellan and the 9th Alabama. Tuscaloosa, AL, University of Alabama Press, 2007, p. 336.
  • Richardson tombstones, Athens City Cemetery, Alabama. Findagrave.com
  • Speer, William S., comp. Sketches of Prominent Tennesseans: Containing Biographies and Records of many of the families who have attained prominence in Tennessee. Originally published Nashville, 1888. Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing, p. 318-319.
  • University of Virginia Matriculation Books, 1825-1904, Accession #RG-14/4/2.041, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
Posted in R | Tagged , , | 4 Comments

Lawrence Manning Austin (29 Jan. 1838-13 Jul. 1864)

L. Manning Austin was the son of Dr. Thomas Collins Austin (1790-1883), and his wife, Mary Turner James (1805-1889). The family lived in Greenville, South Carolina, where Dr. T. C. Austin had a medical practice and a large amount of real estate. According to the Austin Families Association of America (AFAOA) website, Dr. T. C. Austin was a grandson of Nathaniel Austin, Sr., who immigrated from England and built Gilder Plantation at Simpsonville, S.C. (Austin, J. W.; Carlin; Clarence)

L. M. Austin attended the University of Virginia in the 36th session (1859-1860), where he studied Chemistry, Medicine, Physiology and Surgery, and Anatomy. (U.Va. Catalogue, session 1859-60) After a year at U.Va., Austin entered the University of Louisiana Medical College, which at the time was considered one of the best medical schools in the South. He graduated with a medical degree in 1861. The class of 1861 was the largest class graduated until that time at the U. La. Medical College. As many of his classmates did, he volunteered for Confederate military service.

Dr. Austin entered service as an Assistant Surgeon, and was promoted to Surgeon in 1863. (Confederate Congress) He served with the 13th Regiment of Mississippi Infantry, in the Barksdale Brigade, a unit which fought at Harpers Ferry, Malvern Hill, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania, and the Wilderness, among others. (Austin, J. W.; Austin, L. M.) Thirteen members of the U.La. class of ’61 died in battle, and sixteen died of other causes, such as disease. (U. La. Catalogue) Dr. Austin was one of the latter.

The details of his death are uncertain, because various resources give different dates and locations of his death. According to records in the National Archives–which is the only primary source I have found for this information–L. M. Austin died on 13 Jul. 1864, “of disease.” (Austin, L. M. service record) Kirkland’s Broken Fortunes states that Dr. Austin died on 19 Jul. 1863, at home. The Carlin website (with information based on Austin, J. W.) gives his date of death as 13 Jul. 1863, and also states he died while “on leave at the home of his father in SC.” The Catalogue of the Medical College of the University of Louisiana, states that he died in 1863 (no month or day) in Richmond, Virginia, of typhoid fever. I have not been able to find out where he was buried. He was single at the time of his death. (Austin, L. M.)

[N.b. L. M. Austin’s birth date of 29 Jan. 1838 appears in the U.Va. Matriculation Books; the information in these books was recorded by the students themselves when they registered each year.—JLC]


  • Austin, James Waddy & Knight, Josephine Manning Austin, The Austin and Allied Families, 2nd Ed. Atlanta, GA, 1972, p. 150.
  • Austin, L. M., service record, in the Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Mississippi. Record group 109.  M269. Thirteenth infantry, Mississippi. Fold3.com.
  • Carlin, Liz Austin. “Nathaniel Austin of Greenville, South Carolina.” Austin Families Association of America. (AFAOA) [website] http://www.afaoa.org/db_files/Nathaniel_Austin_SC/Individuals/I237.html
  • Clarence: clarence@atkins.net. “The Atkins, Atwoods, and Austins from Northwest Georgia.” Rootsweb [online database] http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=ceatkins1&id=I608
  • Confederate States of America. Journal of the Congress of the Confederate States of America.  Washington, 1904, v. 3, p. 167-171
  • Kirkland, Randolph W., Jr. Broken Fortunes; South Carolina soldiers, sailors, and citizens who died in the service of their country and state in the War for Southern Independence, 1861-1865. Columbia, SC, 2012.
  • South Carolina Plantations. [website] http://south-carolina-plantations.com/greenville/gilder.html
  • University of Louisiana Medical College. A catalogue from 1834 to 1872 of the professors, other instructors, and alumni : with an historical sketch of the medical college (from its origin in 1834 to 1847), and of its successor, the Med. Dept. of the University of Louisiana (from its establishment in 1847 to 1872). New Orleans [La.] : Printed at the Bronze Pen Book and Job Office, 1871, p. 11, 16, 32.
  • University of Virginia. Catalogue of the University of Virginia. Session of 1859-’60. Richmond, 1860.
  • University of Virginia Matriculation Books, 1825-1904, Accession #RG-14/4/2.041, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
Posted in A | Tagged , , , | 9 Comments